95. Book of Dream Interpretation

I. The beginning of the revelation to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the true dream

6581. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "The beginning [of the revelation] to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took the form of the true dream in sleep. Whenever he had a dream, it was clear like the break of day. He used to go to Hira' and there he devoted himself to worship for a number of nights. He took provisions with him for that. Then he would return to Khadija and take provisions for the like of that again. This continued until the Truth came to him suddenly while he was in the Cave of Hira'. The angel came to him in it and said, 'Read!'

"The Prophet said, 'I said, "I do not read." He seized me and squeezed me until all the strength went out of me and then released me and said, "Read!" I said, "I do not read." Then he seized me and squeezed me a second time until all the strength when out of me and then released me and said, "Read!" I said, "I do not read." Then he seized me and squeezed me a third time and then released me, and then he said, "Read in the name of your Lord who created man from a blood clot. Read, and your Lord is the Most Generous. He Who taught the use of the Pen" and the ayats up to "Taught man which he knew not." (96:1-5)'

"He returned with that and his heart was quaking. He went to Khadija and said, 'Wrap me up! Wrap me up!' They wrapped him up until the state of terror had left him and then he said to Khadija, 'What is wrong with me?" He told her what had happened and said, 'I am afraid for myself.' She said, 'No, it is good news. By Allah, Allah would never bring disgrace upon you. You maintain ties of kinship, speak the truth, bear people's burdens, give hospitality to your guests and help those who have been afflicted by calamities.'

"Then Khadija then went with him to Waraqa ibn Nawfal ibn Asad ibn 'Abdu'l-'Uzza ibn Qusayy, Khadija's cousin (the son of her father's brother), who had become Christian during the Jahiliyya. He could write in Arabic and wrote as much of the Gospel in Arabic as Allah willed. He was an old man who had gone blind. Khadija said to him, 'Cousin! Listen to your nephew.' Waraqa asked him, 'Nephew, what have you seen?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him what he had seen. Waraqa said to him, 'This is the Namus [Jibril] which Allah sent to Musa. I wish that I were still young. I wish I might still be alive when your people drive you out!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Will they drive me out?' Waraqa said, 'Yes, no man has brought anything similar to what you have brought without being treated with hostility. If I am still alive on that day, I will give you my strong support.'

"Shortly after that, Waraqa died and there was a pause in the revelation until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became so sad that we heard that his sorrow several times made him want to throw himself off the tops of the mountains. Whenever he reached the peak of a mountain, Jibril would appear to him and say, 'Muhammad, you are truly the Messenger of Allah.' So his agitation was stilled by that and he would be at peace and then would return home. When the gap in the revelation was long for him, and he was moved to act as before. When he reached the peak of he mountain. Jibril would appear before him and say the like of that to him."

Ibn 'Abbas said that "(faliq al-isbagh) It is He Who splits the sky at dawn" (6:96) is the light of the sun in the day and the light of the moon at night.

II. The dreams of the righteous

Allah says, "Allah has confirmed His Messenger's vision with truth: 'You will enter the Masjid al-Haram in safety, Allah willing, shaving your heads and cutting your hair without any fear.' He knew what you did not know and ordained, in place of this, an imminent victory." (48:27)

6582. Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha related from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A good dream of a righteous man is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

III. The dream comes from Allah

6583. Abu Salama heard Abu Qatada say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The true dream is from Allah and the bad dream (hulm) is from Shaytan."

6584. 'Abdullah ibn Khabbab related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "When one of you sees a dream that he likes, it is from Allah and so he should praise Allah and talk about it. When he sees other than which he dislikes, it is from Shaytan and he should seek refuge from its evil and not mention it to anyone. It will not harm him."

IV. The true dream is one forty-sixth part of Prophethood

6585. Abu Salama related from Abu Qatada that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The true dream is from Allah and the bad dream is from Shaytan. When one of you has a bad dream, he should seek refuge from it and spit to his left side. It will not harm him."

The like of it is reported from 'Abdullah ibn Abi Qatada from his father...

6586. Qatada related from Anas ibn Malik from 'Ubada ibn as-Samit that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The dream of the believer is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

6587. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The dream of the believer is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

Shu'ayb related it from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

6588. 'Abdullah ibn Khabbab related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "The true dream is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

V. Good signs

6589. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Only good signs remains of prophethood.' They asked, 'What are good signs?' He answered, 'The true dream.'"

VI. Yusuf's dream

The words of the Almighty, "When Yusuf told his father, 'Father! I saw eleven bright stars, and the sun and moon as well. I saw them all prostrate in front of me.' He said, 'My son, don't tell your brothers your dream lest they devise some scheme to injure you, Shaytan is a clear-cut enemy to man. Accordingly your Lord will pick you out and teach you the true meaning of events and perfectly fulfil His blessing on you as well as on the family of Ya'qub as He fulfilled it perfectly before upon your forebears, Ibrahim and Ishaq. Most certainly your Lord is Knowing, Wise.'" (12:4-6)

His words, "My father, truly this is now the interpretation of the dream I had. My Lord has made it all come true; and He was kind to me by letting me out of prison and brought you from the desert when Shaytan had caused dissent between me and my brothers. My Lord is kind to anyone He wills. He is indeed All-Knowing and All-Wise. My Lord, You have granted power to me on earth and taught me the true meaning of events. Originator of the heavens and earth, You are my Friend in this world and the Next. So take me as a Muslim at my death and join me to the people who are righteous." (12:100-101)

Abu 'Abdullah said, "Fatir, al-Badi', al-Mubdi', al-Bari and al-Khaliq all mean the same thing: Creator." Abu 'Abdullah said that badi'a is from badw.

VII. The dream of Ibrahim, peace be upon him

The words of the Almighty, "When he was of an age to work with him, he said, 'My son, I saw in a dream that I must sacrifice you. What do you think about this?' He said, 'Do as you are ordered, father.Allah willing, you will find me resolute.' Then when they had both submitted and he had lain him face down on the ground, We called out to him, 'Ibrahim! you have discharged your vision.' That is how We recompense good-doers." (37:102-105)

Mujahid said that "aslama" means "They submitted to what they had been commanded" "Tallahu" means: "He placed his face on the ground."

VIII. When several people have the same dream

6590. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from Ibn 'Umar that some people had a dream that the Night of Power was in the last seven days and that some people had a dream that it was in the last ten days. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Look for it in the last seven days."

IX. The dreams of prisoners, deviants and idolaters

His words, "Two servants entered prison along with him. One said, 'I dreamt that I was pressing grapes.' The other said, 'I dreamt I carried bread upon my head and birds were eating it. Tell us the true meaning of these dreams. We see that you 're one of the righteous.' He said, 'No meal to feed you will arrive before I have informed you what they mean. That is part of what my Lord taught me. For I have left the religion of a people who clearly have no faith in Allah and are unbelievers about the world to come. I hold fast to the creed of my forebears, Ibrahim and Ishaq and Ya'qub. We do not associate anything with Allah. And that is how Allah has favoured us and all mankind, but most do not give thanks. My fellow-prisoners, are many lords better, or Allah, the only One, the Conqueror? What you serve apart from Him are only names which you and your forefathers have made up. There is no mandate for them from Allah. Allah alone is qualified to judge. His order is to worship none but Him. That is in truth the straight and upright deen, but most of mankind simply do not know. My fellow-captives, one of you will serve his lord with wine, the other of you will be crucified and birds will eat his head. The thing you asked about is foreordained.' He said to the one of them he knew was saved, 'Please mention me when you are with your lord,' but Shaytan made him forget to remind his lord, and so he stayed in prison for several years. The King declared, 'I dreamt of seven fat cows which seven thin ones ate and seven green ears of wheat and seven others which were dry. O counsellors! Explain my dream to me if you are those who can interpret visions!' They said, 'A jumbled mass of mixed-up dreams! We do not know the meaning of such things.' The one of them who had been saved then said, remembering after a period, 'I will tell you what it signifies, so send me out.' 'O truthful Yusuf, tell us of seven fat cows which seven thin ones ate and seven green ears of wheat and seven others which were dry so that I can return to them and let them know.' He said, 'Sow for seven years in the normal way and leave that which you harvest in the ear except for a small amount from which you eat. Then after that seven hard years will arrive in which you can eat from what you set aside for them, except for a little which you store. Then after that another year will come in which the people will be helped by rain in plenty and when they once more will press.' The King said, 'Bring him to me straight away!' but when the envoy came to him, he said, 'Go back to your master...'" (12:36-50)

Addakara is Form VIII from the verb dhakara. Umma is a generation. It is read instead as 'amah', which means forgetfulness.

Ibn 'Abbas said, "They pressed grapes and oil." Tuhsinuna means 'to store'.

6591. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab and Abu 'Ubayd reported from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If I had remained in prison as long as Yusuf remained and then the summoner had come to me, I would have responded to him."

X. Someone who sees the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in a dream

6592. Abu Salama related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Anyone who sees me in a dream will see me awake. Shaytan does not take my form.'"

Abu 'Abdullah said that Ibn Sirin said, "If he sees him in his actual form."

6593. Thabit al-Bunani related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who has seen me in a dream has seen me. Shaytan does not take my form. The dream of the believer is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

6594. Abu Salama related from Abu Qatada that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The true dream is from Allah and the bad dream is from Shaytan. If anyone sees something he dislikes, he should spit three times to his left side and seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan. It will not harm him. Shaytan cannot take on my appearance."

6595. Abu Salama said that Abu Qatada said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever sees me has truly seen me."

Yunus and the nephew of az-Zuhri corroborated that.

6596. 'Abdullah ibn Khabbab related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Whoever sees me has truly seen me. Shaytan does not take my form."

XI. Night dreams

Samura related it.

6597. Muhammad related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I have been given the keys to [the use of] words and helped by terror. While I was asleep last night, the keys of the treasures of the earth were brought and placed in my hand."

Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has departed and now you are taking them."

6598. Nafi' related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "One night I dreamt that I was at the Ka'ba. I dreamt of a man with brownish skin, like the best brownish skin you might see among men; his hair reached between his shoulders, and it was the best you might see. It was combed and dripping with water. He was leaning on two men or on the shoulders of two men, performing tawaf of the House. I asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'The Messiah son of Maryam.' There was a man with very curly hair, blind in the right eye, which was like a protruding grape. I asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'The Dajjal, the false Messiah.'"

6599. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah related that Ibn 'Abbas reported about a man who came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "I had a dream last night," and the hadith proceeds.

Sulayman ibn Kathir, the nephew of az-Zuhri, and Sufyan ibn Husayn corroborated it with the isnad going back to the Prophet.

Az-Zubaydi said it is from az-Zuhri from 'Ubaydullah from Ibn 'Abbas or Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Az-Zuhri said that Abu Hurayra related it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Ma'mar did not give it the isnad until later.

XII. Dreams during the day

'Awn said that Ibn Sirin said, "The dream in the day is like the dream at night."

6600. Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha related that he heard Anas ibn Malik say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit Umm Haram bint Milhan and she would feed him. Umm Haram was married to 'Ubada ibn as-Samit. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace visited her one day and she fed him and began to delouse his head. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to sleep and then woke up smiling. She said, 'I asked, "What made you smile, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Some people from my community who were shown me raiding in the way of Allah, riding the middle of this sea like kings on throne" (or like the kings on the thrones ­ Ishaq was unsure)."' She said, 'I said, "Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to put me among them!"' So the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made supplication for her. 'Then he put his head down and then woke up smiling. I said, "What made you smile, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Some people from my community who were shown me raiding in the way of Allah," as he said the first time.' She said, 'I said, "Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to put me among them!" He said, "You are among the first.'" She embarked on the sea in the time of Mu'awiya ibn Abi Sufyan and was thrown from her animal when she disembarked from the sea and she was killed."

XIII. Women's dreams

6601. Ibn Shihab related from Kharija ibn Zayd ibn Thabit that Umm al-'Ala', a woman of the Ansar who had given allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him that they drew lots to distribute the [lodging of the] Muhajirun. She said, "'Uthman ibn Maz'un fell to our lot and we lodged him in our rooms. Then he fell ill with an illness from which he died. When he died, he was washed and shrouded in his clothes. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and I said, 'The mercy of Allah be upon you, Abu's-Sa'ib. I testify to you that Allah has honoured you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'How do you know that Allah has honoured him?' I said, 'May my father be your ransom, Messenger of Allah, who will Allah honour?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'As for him, by Allah, the Certain has come to him. By Allah, I hope for the best for him. By Allah, I do not know what He will do with me in spite of my being the Messenger of Allah.'" She said, "By Allah, I will never vouch for anyone after him."

6602. Shu'ayb reported this from az-Zuhri. He said, "I do not know what He will do me." She said, "That made me sad and then I went to sleep and dreamt that 'Uthman had a spring which was flowing. I informed the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, "That represents his deeds."

XIV. The bad dream is from Shaytan. When someone has a bad dream, he should spit to his left and seek refuge from Allah, the Mighty and Exalted

6603. Abu Salama related that Abu Qatada al-Ansari, one of the Companions and horsemen of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'A vision is from Allah and a bad dream is from Shaytan. When one of you has a dream which he dislikes, he should spit to his left and seek refuge with Allah from it. It will not harm him.'"

XV. [Dreaming of] milk

6604. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah related that Ibn 'Umar said that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was brought a bowl of milk and I drank from it until I was so quenched that it came out of my nails. Then I gave what remained (i.e. to 'Umar)." They asked, "How did you interpret that, Messenger of Allah?" "As knowledge," he answered.

XVI. When someone dreams of milk flowing from his limbs or nails

6605. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar related that he heard 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I was given a bowl of milk and I drank from it until I was so quenched that it came out of my fingers. I gave what was left to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab." Those around him asked, "How did you interpret that, Messenger of Allah?" "As knowledge," he answered.

XVII. Seeing a long shirt in a dream

6606. Abu Umama ibn Sahl related that he heard Abu Sa'id al-Khudri say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I saw people being presented to me wearing long shirts. Some of the shirts reached their breasts, and some of them reached below that. Then 'Umar ibn al-Khattab passed by me, dragging his shirt." They asked, "How did you interpret it, Messenger of Allah?" "As the deen," he answered.

XVIII. Dragging a long shirt in a dream

6607. Abu Umama ibn Sahl related that he heard Abu Sa'id al-Khudri say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I saw people being presented to me wearing long shirts. Some of the shirts reached their breasts, and some of them reached below that. Then 'Umar ibn al-Khattab passed by me, dragging his shirt." They asked, "How did you interpret it, Messenger of Allah?" "As the deen," he answered.

XIX. Seeing green in a dream and seeing a green meadow

6608. Muhammad ibn Sirin said that Qays ibn 'Ubad said, "I was sitting in a circle which includes Sa'd ibn Malik and Ibn 'Umar. 'Abdullah ibn Salam passed by and they said, 'This is a man who is one of the people of the Garden.' I told him, 'They said such-and-such.' He said, 'Glory be to Allah! They should not say that about which they have no knowledge! I had a dream in which a pillar was placed and set up in a green meadow. There was a handle at the stop of it and at the bottom of it was a servant. (Minsaf means a servant). It was said [to me], 'Climb it.' So I climbed it and took hold of the handle. I recounted the dream to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said. ''Abdullah will die while holding to the firmest handle.'"

XX. Disclosing a woman in a dream

6609. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I saw shown you twice in a dream. A man was carrying you in a silk cloth and said, 'This is your wife.' He uncovered it and it was you. I said, 'If this is from Allah He will bring it about.'"

XXI. Seeing silk garments in a dream

6610. 'Urwa related from 'A'isha that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " I was shown you twice in a dream before I married you. I saw an angel carrying you in a silk cloth and I said to him, 'Uncover it.' He uncovered it and it was you. I said, 'If this is from Allah He will bring it about.' Then I was shown you with the angel carrying you in a piece of silk. I said, 'Uncover it.' I uncovered it and it was you.' I said, 'If this is from Allah He will bring it about.'"

XXII. Seeing keys in one's hand in a dream

6611. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'I have been sent with all the words and have been helped with terror. While I was asleep, I was given the keys to the treasures of the earth and they were placed in my hand.'" Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad] said, "It reached me that jawami' al-kalim means that Allah combines many things which were written about in the books before him in one or two things, or the like of that."

XXIII. Dreaming of holding onto to a handle or ring

6612. Qays ibn 'Ubad related that 'Abdullah ibn Salam said, "I dreamt that I was in a meadow in the middle of which was a pillar and there was a handle on top of the pillar. I was told, 'Climb it.' I said, 'I cannot.' A servant came and lifted up my garment and I climbed up and took hold of the handle. I woke up while still holding onto it. I recounted it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'That meadow is the meadow of Islam. That pillar is the pillar of Islam. That handle is the firmest handle and you will continue to hold to Islam until you die.'"

XXIV. Seeing a tent pole under one's pillow in a dream

XXV. Seeing thick silk and entering the Garden in a dream

6613. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I dreamt that I had a piece of silk in my hand, and whenever I pointed to a place in the Garden with it, it flew me there. I recounted it to Hafsa and Hafsa recounted it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, 'Your brother is a righteous man,' or ''Abdullah is a righteous man.'"

XXVI. Fetters in a dream

6614. Muhammad ibn Sirin related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'When the time [of the Final Hour] approaches, the dream of the believer will hardly ever lie. The dream of the believer is one forty-sixth part of prophethood.' That which is part of prophethood does not lie." Muhammad stated, "I say this." He said that it used to be said, "There are three types of dreams: the chatter of the self, attempts of Shaytan to frighten the dreamer, and good news from Allah. Whoever sees anything he dislikes should not recount it to anyone. He should get up and pray." He said, "He disliked to see iron collars in a dream but he liked fetters." It is said that the fetter represents constancy in the deen.

It is related from Ibn Sirin from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Some of them included all of it in the hadith. The hadith of 'Awf is clearer. Yunus said, "I do not reckon that it is from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, except what he said about fetters."

Abu 'Abdullah said, "Ghull is only used for necks.'

XXVII. A flowing spring in a dream

6615. Kharija ibn Zayd ibn Thabit related from Umm al-'Ala', one of their women who gave allegiance to the Prophet, say, "'Uthman ibn Maz'un fell to our lot in giving lodging when the Ansar drew lots for the lodging of the Muhajirun. He became ill and we cared for him until he died. Then he put him in his clothes and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to us. I said, 'The mercy of Allah be upon you, Abu's-Sa'ib. I testify to you that Allah has honoured you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'How do you know that?' I said, 'I do not know, by Allah.' He said, ' As for him, the Certain has come to him. I hope for the best for him from Allah. By Allah, in spite of my being the Messenger of Allah, do not know what my Lord will do with me or you.'' Umm al-'Ala' said, " By Allah, I will never vouch for anyone after him." She said, "I dreamt that 'Uthman had a spring which was flowing. I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and mentioned that to him. He said, 'That is flowing on account of his actions.'"

XXVIII. Drawing water from a well so that people can be quenched

Abu Hurayra related it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

6616. Nafi' related that from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " I dreamt that I was at a well drawing water when Abu Bakr and 'Umar came. Abu Bakr took the bucket and drew one or two buckets. There was some weakness in his drawing. Then the son of Ibn al-Khattab took it from Abu Bakr's hand and it turned into a large bucket in his hand. I have not seen a leader among the people work so well as he did until the people watered their camels."

XXIX. Drawing one or buckets of water with some weakness

6617. Salim related from his father the dream of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about Abu Bakr and 'Umar. He said, "I dreamt that the people had gathered and Abu Bakr got up and drew one or two buckets. There was some weakness in his drawing. May Allah forgive him. Then the son of Ibn al-Khattab got up and it turned into a large bucket. I have not seen a leader among the people work so well as he did until the people watered their camels."

6618. Sa'id related that Abu Hurayra reported to him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was at a well which had a bucket. I drew from it as much as Allah willed. Then Ibn Abi Quhafa took it and drew one or two buckets. There was some weakness in his drawing. May Allah forgive him. Then it turned into a large bucket and 'Umar ibn al-Khattab took it. I have never seen a leader among the people who drew as 'Umar ibn al-Khattab drew until people watered their camels."

XXX. Resting in a dream

6619. It is related that Hammam heard Abu Hurayra say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was at a water-tank giving water to people. Abu Bakr came to me and took the bucket from my hand in order to give me a rest. He drew one or two buckets. There was some weakness in his drawing. Ibn al-Khattab came and took it and continued to draw water until the people were satisfied and left and the tank was overflowing."

XXXI. Seeing a palace in a dream

6620. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported that Abu Hurayra said, "While we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, 'While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was in the Garden. There was a woman doing wudu' beside a palace. I asked, "To whom does this palace belong?" They answered, "To 'Umar ibn al-Khattab." I remembered his jealousy and turned back.'" Abu Hurayra said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab wept and then said, 'May my father and mother be your ransom, Messenger of Allah! Would I be jealous on account of you?'"

6621. Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I entered the Garden and there I saw a gold palace. I asked, 'To whom does this belong?' They answerted, "To a man of Quraysh.' Ibn al-Khattab, nothing stopped me from entering it but what I know of your jealousy.' He said, 'Would I be jealous of you, Messenger of Allah?'"

XXXII. Dreaming of wudu'

6622. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported that Abu Hurayra said, "While we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, 'While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was in the Garden. There was a woman doing wudu' beside a palace. I asked, "To whom does this palace belong?" They answered, "To 'Umar." I remembered his jealousy and turned back.' 'Umar wept and said, 'May my father and mother be your ransom, would I be jealous?'"

XXXIII. Doing tawaf of the Ka'ba in a dream

6623. Salim ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was doing tawaf of the Ka'ba. There was a man with brownish skin and straight hair who was walking between two men, water dripping from his head. I asked, 'Who is this?' They said, 'The son of Maryam.' Then I turned around and there was a reddish corpulent man with curly hair and blind in his right eye, and his eye was like a swollen grape. I asked, 'Who is this?' They said, 'This is the Dajjal.' The person who most resembles him is Ibn Qatan.

Ibn Qatan was a man from the Banu'l-Mustaliq of Khuza'a.

XXXIV. When someone gives what is left of his drink to someone else in a dream

6624. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was given a bowl of milk and I drank from it until I was quenched so that it flowed. Then I gave what was left to 'Umar.'"

XXXV. Security and the disappearance of fear in a dream

6625. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar said, "Some men of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to have dreams in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and would recount them to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would say whatever Allah wished about it. I was a young unmarried and used to sleep in the mosque. I said to myself, 'If there was any good in me, I would see the like of what these men saw.' One night when I lay down to go to sleep, I said, 'O Allah, if you know of any good in me, let me have a dream.' While I was like that, two angels came to me, each of them holding an iron mace. They were taking me to Hellfire while I was praying between them, 'O Allah, I seek refuge with You from Hellfire!' Then I dreamt that another angel with an iron mace in his hand met me. He said, 'Do not be afraid. You are a good man if only you would pray a lot.' They went along with me until they stopped me at the edge of Hellfire. It was enclosed like a well and it had shaft-posts like a well. Between each two posts there was an angel with an iron mace in his hand. I dream that there some men in it suspended by chains with their heads downwards and I recognised some men of Quraysh among them. Then they took me to the right side. I recounted it to Hafsa and Hafsa recounted it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "'Abdullah is a righteous man.'" Nafi' said, "After that, he continued to pray a lot."

XXXVI. Being taken to the right in a dream

6626. Salim related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I was a young married in the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to spend the night in the mosque. Whoever had a dream would recount it to the Prophet. I said, 'O Allah, if there is any good for me with You, then show me a dream which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, can interpret for me.' I went to sleep and saw two angels come to me who took me along and they met another angel who said to me, 'Do not be afraid. You are a righteous man.' They took me to the Fire. It was enclosed like a well. I recognised some of the people in them. They took me to the right side. In the morning. I mentioned that to Hafsa and Hafsa said that she recounted it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,. He said, '"'Abdullah is a righteous man if only he would pray at at night.'"

Az-Zuhri said, "After that 'Abdullah used to pray a lot at night."

XXXVII. Seeing a bowl in a dream

6627. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'While I was asleep. I was brought a bowl of milk and drank from it. Then I gave what I had left to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab.' They said, 'How did you interpret it, Messenger of Allah?' 'Knowledge,' he answered."

XXXVIII. When something flies in a dream

6628. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah said, "I asked 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas about the dreams of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which he mentioned. Ibn 'Abbas said, 'It was mentioned to me that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'While I was asleep, I saw two gold bracelets on my arm and they appalled me and I disliked them. Then I was given permission to blow them off, and I blew them off and they flew away. I interpreted them as two liars who could emerge." 'Ubaydullah said, "One of them was al-'Ansi who was killed by Fayruz in Yemen and the other was Musaylima."

XXXIX. When someone dreams of cows being slaughtered

6629. Abu Burda related from Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt that I was emigrating from Makka to a land where there were palm trees. It went and I thought that it might be Yamana or Hajar. It was Yathrib, al-Madina. I dreamt that there were cattle {being slaughtered] in it, and, the reward of Allah is better. They [the believers] are the believers [killed] on the day of Uhud. The good is what Allah brought, and the reward of truthfulness which Allah gave us after the Day of Badr."

XL. Blowing in a dream

6630. Hammam ibn Munabbih related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "We are the last, the forerunners."

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I was brought the treasures of the earth and two gold bracelets were placed on my hands. They seemed terrible to me and worried me. Then it was revealed to me to blow them off, and I blew them off and they flew away. I interpreted them as two liars whom I was between: the one from San'a and the one from Yamama."

XLI. When someone dreams that he takes something from a hole and puts it somewhere else

6631. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from his father that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt that there was a black woman with dishevelled hair who went out of Madina and stopped at Mahay'a (i.e. al-Juhfa) and I interpreted that as meaning the fever of Madina which had moved there."

XLII. Dreaming of a black woman

6632. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar about the dream of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Madina, "I saw a black woman with dishevelled hair leave Madina until she stopped at Mahay'a and I interpreted it as the fever of Madina which moved to Mahiaya which is al-Juhfa."

XLIII. Dreaming of woman with dishevelled hair

6633. Salim related from his father that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt of a black woman with dishevelled hair who left Madina and stopped at Mahay'a. I interpreted that as the fever of Madina which moved to Mahay'a."

XLIV. When someone brandishes a sword in a dream

6634. Abu Burda related that Abu Musa related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " I dreamt that I brandished a sword and its blade broke. It was what was inflicted on the believers on the Day of Uhud. Then I brandished it again and it was restored better than it was. That was what Allah brought of the Conquest and the gathering of the believers."

XLV. Someone who lies about his dreams

6635. 'Ikrima related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who relates a dream which he has not really had will have to tie a knot between two grains of barley and will not be able to do so. Anyone who listens to people talking when they dislike him doing that or flee from him will have molten lead poured into his ears on the Day of Rising. Anyone who makes an image will be punished and have to breath a spirit into it but will not be able to do it."

Sufyan said, "We have it connected to Ayyub."

'Ikrima related from Abu Hurayra, "Whoever lies about his dream."

'Ikrima was heard to say that Abu Hurayra said, "Whoever makes an image; whoever pretends to have had a dream; and whoever listens."

'Ikrima related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Listens, pretends to have had a dream, and makes an image."

Hisham corroborated it from 'Ikrima from Ibn 'Abbas.

6636. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar, the client of Ibn 'Umar, related from his father from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Among the worst lies is when someone says that he has seen a dream which he did not have."

XLVI. When someone dreams of something he dislikes, he should not tell it to anyone nor mention it

6637. 'Abd Rabbihi ibn Sa'id said, "I heard Abu Salama say, 'I used to have a dream which would make me ill until I heard Abu Qatada say, "I used to have a dream which would make me ill until I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'A good dream is from Allah. When some of you sees what he likes, he should only tell it to those he loves. If he sees what he dislikes, he should seek refuge with Allah from its evil and from Shaytan and should spit three times and should not tell it to anyone. It will not harm him.'"'"

6638. 'Abdullah ibn Khabbab related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "When one of you has a dream he likes, it is from Allah and so he should praise Allah for it and tell it to others. When he sees other than that which he dislikes, it is from Shaytan and should seek refuge from its evil and not mention it to anyone. It will not harm him."

XLVII. The one who does not consider the interpretation of the first interpreter if it is incorrect

6639. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba related that Ibn 'Abbas that a man went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "I had a dream in which I saw a cloud dripping ghee and honey and I saw the people picking it up with their hands, some taking a lot and some a little. There was a rope which reached from earth to heaven. I saw you take hold of it and go up it. Then another man took hold of it and went up it. Then yet another man took hold of it and went up it. Then another man took it, but it broke and then was connected again." Abu Bakr said, "O Messenger of Allah, may my father be your ransom, by Allah, let me interpret it!" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Interpret it." He said, "The cloud is Islam and the honey and ghee dripping from it is the Qur'an. Its sweetness drips and some people have a lot of the Qur'an and some have a little. As for the rope reaching from heaven to earth, it is the Truth which you have. You take it and so Allah will elevate you. Then another man after you will take it and will rise by it. Then another man will take it and rise by it. Then another man will take and it will break for him and then it will be reconnected and he will rise by it. Tell me, Messenger of Allah, may my father be your ransom, and I right or wrong?" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "You are right about some and wrong about some." He said, "By Allah, you must tell that about which I am wrong!" The Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not swear."

XVIII. Interpreting dreams after the Subh prayer

6640. Abu Raja' related that Samura ibn Jundub said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to frequently say, 'Has any of you had a dream?' Then whoever Allah wished would recount their dream. He said that one morning, 'During the night two men came to me and said to me, "Come on!" So I went with them. We came to a man who was lying on his back while another man was standing over him with a stone which he then dropped onto his head, crushing it. Then the stone rolled away from him and he went after the stone to retrieve it. When he returned to him, his head was whole again and had become as it had been in the first place. So he went back and hit him as he had done the first time. I said to them, "Glory be to Allah! Who are these two?" They said, "Go on! Go on!" We went on and came to a man who was lying on his back, and there was another man standing over him with an iron hook. He went to one side of his face and cut open the side of his mouth until it reached the back of his neck and then his nostril to the back of his neck and his eye to the back of his neck. Then he moved to the other side and did the same thing as he had done to first side. When he finished that side, the first side had become whole again. Then he did the same thing all over again I said, "Glory be to Allah! Who are these two?" They said to me, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we came upon something like an oven. [I think he said, "There was babble and shouting in it.'] We looked down into it and it contained naked men and women. The flames would come at them from underneath, and when those flames reached them, they cried out. I asked, "Who are they?" They said, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we came to a river.'" [I think that he said, "'Red like blood."] In the river there was a man swimming while on the bank of the river there was a man who had many stones with him. When that swimmer swam and reached the one who had gathered the stones, he forced his mouth open and made him swallow a stone. Then he would begin to swim and would come back to him again. Whenever he came back to him, he forced open his mouth and made him swallow a stone. I asked them, "Who are these two?" They said to me, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we came to a man with a repulsive appearance - or the most repulsive man you have ever seen. He was at a fire which he was kindling and which he was running around. I said to them, "Who is this?' They said to me, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we came to a green meadow containing every type of spring flower. In the middle of the meadow there was a man so tall that I could scarcely see his head, so high it was in the sky. Around the man were the greatest number of children I have ever seen. I asked, "Who is this? Who are those?" They told me, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we reached a huge tree, and I have never seen any tree bigger or more beautiful than it. They told me, "Climb it." We climbed it and came to a city built of gold and silver bricks. We came to the door of the city and asked for it to be opened and it was opened for us and we entered it. We were met by men half of whose physique was the most beautiful you have ever seen and the other half was the ugliest you have ever seen. The two said to them, "Go and plunge into that river." There was a wide river flowing there whose water was pure white. They went and jumped into it and when they returned to us, that evil had left them and they had the most beautiful form.'

"He said, 'They said to me, "This is the Garden of Eden, and that is your place." I raised my eyes upwards and there was a castle like a white cloud. They said to me, "This is your place." I said to them, "May Allah bless you, let me enter it." They said, "No, not now. But you will enter it." I said to them, "This night I have seen marvels, but what are these things which I have seen?'" They said to me, "We will tell you. The first man to whom you came whose head was being crushed with the stone is a man who memorised the Qur'an and then abandoned it and slept through the obligatory prayers. As for the man you came to whose jaw was split to his neck, whose nostril to his neck and whose eye to his neck, he was a man who went from his house and told lies which spread everywhere. As for the naked men and women who were in something like an oven, they were adulterers and adulteresses. The man you came to who was swimming in the river and being made to swallow stones used to consume usury. The man with the disagreeable appearance who was at the fire, kindling it and running around it was Malik, the guardian of Jahannam. The tall man in the meadow was Ibrahim. The children who were around him are all those who were born and died in the natural state."'"

He said, "One of the Muslims asked, 'Messenger of Allah, the children of the idolaters as well?' The Messenger of Allah said, 'The children of the idolaters as well. As for the people who were half beautiful and half ugly, they are the people who mixed righteous actions with evil actions. Allah excused them.'"

96. Book of Trials

I. What has come in the words of Allah Almighty, "Be fearful of trials which aill not afflict solely those among you who do wrong." (8:25) and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, warning about trials

6641. Ibn Abi Mulayka reported from Asma' that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I will be at my Basin waiting for those who come to me. Some people will be taken away from me and I will say, 'My community!' He will say, "You do not know. They reverted in apostasy.'"

Ibn Abi Mulayka said, "O Allah, we seek refuge with You from turning back on our heels and from being tempted."

6642. Abu Wa'il related from 'Abdullah that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I will be your forerunner to the Basin. Some men from among you will be brought before me and when I want to hand them water, they will be wrested away from me. I say, 'O Lord, my Companions!' He will say, 'You do not know what they innovated after you.'"

6643. Abu Hazim reported that he heard Sahl ibn Sa'd say that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "I will be your forerunner to the Basin. Whoever comes to it will drink from it. Whoever drinks from it will never be thirsty again. Some people will come to me whom I will recognise and they will recognise me but then a barrier will be put up between me and them."

Abu Hazim said, "An-Nu'man ibn Abi 'Ayyash heard me when I was reporting this. He asked, 'Is that how you heard it from Sahl?' 'Yes,' I replied. He said, 'I was present with Abu Sa'id al-Khudri and I heard him add to it, "They are from me." It will be said, 'You do not know what they changed after you.' I will say, 'Far away! Far away with those who changed after me!'"'"

II. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "You will see things which you disapprove of after me."

'Abdullah ibn Zayd said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Remain steadfast until you meet me at the Basin."

6644. Zayd ibn Wahb said, "I heard 'Abdullah say, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'After me you will encounter self-seeking and things you disapprove of.' They asked, 'What do you command us to do, Messenger of Allah?' He replied, 'Give them their rights and ask Allah for your right.'"

6645. Abu Raja' related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone dislikes what his ruler does, he should be patient. Anyone who separates himself from the ruler even a hand's breadth will die the death of the Jahiliyya."

6646. Abu Raja' al-'Utaridi said, "I heard from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone sees something in his amir which he dislikes, he should be patient. Anyone who separates from the Community a hand's breadth and dies will only die the death of the Jahiliyya."

6647. Busr ibn Sa'id related that Junada ibn Abi Umayya said, We visited 'Ubada ibn as-Samit while he was ill and said, 'May Allah restore you. Tell a hadith by which Allah will benefit you which you heard from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' He said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned us and we gave allegiance to him.' He added, 'Part of that which he stipulated for us is that we gave allegiance to hear and obey when we were busy and in matters which we disliked and in both difficulty and ease, evn if our rights were not given to us, and not to contend with people for power unless we saw open disbelief which we would have as evidence with Allah.'"

6648. Anas ibn Malik related from Usayd ibn Hudayr that a man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "Messenger of Allah, you appointed so-and-so to an office and did not appoint me." He said, "After me you will see self-seeking. Remain steadfast until you meet me."

III. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "The destruction of my community will occur at the hands of some foolish young men."

6649. 'Amr ibn Sa'id said, "My grandfather told me, 'I was sitting with Abu Hurayra in the mosque of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Madina while Marwan was with him. Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the truthful and trusted one say, 'The destruction of my Community will occur at the hands of some young men of Quraysh.'" Marwan said, 'May the curse of Allah be on them, those youths.' Abu Hurayra said, "If I had wished, I could have said, 'The Banu so-and-so and the Banu so-and-so, I would have done so.'"' I used to go with my grandfather to the Banu Marwan when they controlled Syria. When he saw that they were young men, he said to us, 'Perhaps these are among them?' We replied, 'You know best.'"

IV. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Woe to the Arabs on account of an evil which has drawn near."

6650. Zaynab bint Umm Salama related from Umm Habiba that Zaynab ibn Jahsh said, "The Prophet woke up from sleep and his face was red. He was saying, ' There is no god but Allah. Woe to the Arabs from an evil which is drawing near! An opening has been made in the wall of Ya'juj and Ma'juj like this," and Sufyan made a circle with his thumb and forefinger for ninety or a hundred. It was asked, "O Messenger of Allah, will we be destroyed when the righteous are among us?" He said, "Yes, if there is a lot of wickedness. "

6651. 'Urwa related that Usama ibn Zayd said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked out from one of the fortresses of Madina and said, 'Do you see what I see?' 'No,' they replied. He said, 'I see afflictions falling on your houses like drops of rain.'"

V. The appearance of trials

6652. Sa'id related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Time will pass more quickly, knowledge will decrease, miserliness will be cast into people's hearts, seditions will appear and there will be a lot of harj." They asked, "Messenger of Allah, what is that?" Killing," he replied, "killing."

Humayd related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said...

6653. Shaqiq said, "I was with 'Abdullah and Abu Musa and they said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Before the Final Hour comes there will be days in which ignorance will descend and knowledge will be removed, and there will be a lot of harj." (Harj is killing.)

6654. Shaqiq said, "While 'Abdullah and Abu Musa were sitting conversing, Abu Musa said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Before the Final Hour comes there will be days in which knowledge will be removed and ignorance will descend, and there will be a lot of harj." (Harj is killing)

6655. Al-A'mash related that Abu Wa'il said, "I was sitting with 'Abdullah and Abu Musa when Abu Musa said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say the like of it. Harj means killing in Abyssinian.

6656. Abu Wa'il related that 'Abdullah, (and I think that it is marfu') said, "There will be days of bloodshed before the Final Hour in which knowledge will disappear and ignorance will appear." Abu Musa said that harj means "killing' in Abyssinian.

Abu Wa'il related that al-Ash'ari asked 'Abdullah, "Do you know the days about which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called the days of bloodshed?"

Ibn Mas'ud said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "The Rising will catch the worst of people while they are alive."

VI. No time will come but that that the time after it will be worse than it

6657. Sufyan related that az-Zubayr ibn 'Adi said, "We went to Anas ibn Malik and complained to him about what we had experienced from al-Hajjaj. He said, 'Be patient. No time will come but that that the time after it will be worse than it until you meet your Lord. I heard it from your Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

6658. Ibn Shihab related from Hind bint al-Harith al-Firasiyya that Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "One night the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, woke up in alarm and said, 'Glory be to Allah! How many treasures have been disclosed tonight and how many afflictions have been revealed! Who will wake up the women of the rooms (i.e. his wives for the tahajjud prayer)? Many a person who is dressed in this world will be naked in the Next!'"

VII. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Whoever bears arms against us is not one of us."

6659. Nafi' related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever bears arms against us is not one of us."

6660. Burayd related from Abu Burda from Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever bears arms against us is not one of us."

6661. Hammam related that he heard that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "None of you should point at his brother with a weapon. He does not know. Perhaps Shaytan will provoke his hand and he will fall into a pit of the Fire."

6662. Sufyan said, "I said to 'Amr, 'Abu Muhammad, I heard Jabir ibn 'Ubaydullah say, "A man went through the mosque with some arrows and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'Hold their points.' He said, 'Yes.'"'"

6663. 'Amr ibn Dinar related from Jabir that a man passed through the mosque with some arrows whose points showed and he was commanded to hold the points so as not to scratch any Muslim.

6664. Abu Burda related from Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you passes through our mosque or in our market with arrows, he should hold their tips, (or hold their heads) so that he does not injure any of the Muslims with them."

VIII. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Do not revert to being unbelievers after me, striking the necks of one another."

6665. Shaqiq related that 'Abdullah said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Cursing a Muslim is deviance and killing him is disbelief."

6666. Waqid ibn Muhammad related from his father that Ibn 'Umar heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not revert to being unbelievers after me, striking the necks of one another."

6667. It is related from Abu Bakra and from another man, who I consider better than 'Abdur-Rahman ibn Abi Bakra from Abu Bakra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, addressed the people and said, "O people! What day is this?" They said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He said, "We thought that he would name it with another name." He said, "Is it not the Day of Sacrifice?" We said, 'Indeed, Messenger of Allah." He said, "What land is this? Is it not the Town?" We said, "Yes, Messenger of Allah." He said, "Your blood and your property are sacred to you, like the sacredness of this day in this month in this place until the day you meet your Lord. Have I not conveyed it?" We said, "Yes." He said, "O Allah, testify! Let those who are present convey to those who are absent. The one to whom it is conveyed may retain it better." It was like that, He said, "Do not revert to being unbelievers after me, striking the necks of one another."

On the day when Ibn al-Hadrami was burned when Jariya ibn Qudama burned him, he said, "Look for Abu Bakra." They said, "This is how Abu Bakra who sees you." 'Abdu'r-Rahman said, "My mother reported to me that Abu Bakra said, "If they had some to me, I would not have struck with a stick."

6668. 'Ikrima related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not revert to being unbelievers after me, striking the necks of one another."

6669. Abu Zur'a Ibn 'Amr ibn Jarir related that Jarir said, "In the Farewell Hajj, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'Let the people be quiet.' Then he said, 'Do not revert to being unbelievers after me, striking the necks of one another.'"

IX. During civil strife, the one who sits is better than the one who stands

6670. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related from Abu HurayraŠ

Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, will say, "There will be seditions during which the one sits is better than the one who stands. The one who stands in them will be better than the one who walks. The one who walks will better than the one who runs. Whoever finds a way to escape them should seek it out. Whoever finds a refuge or place of protection should seek refuge in it."

6671. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There will be seditions in which the one sits is better than the one who stands. The one who stands in them will be better than the one who walks. The one who walks will better than the one who runs. Whoever finds a way to escape them should seek it out. Whoever finds a refuge or place of protection should seek refuge in it."

X. When two Muslims meet with their swords

6672. Hammad related from a man he did not name that al-Hasan said, "I went out with my weapons during the nights of the civil war and Abu Bakra met me. He asked, 'Where are you going?' I replied, 'I want to help the cousin of the Messenger of Allah ['Ali].' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When two Muslims meet with their swords, both of them are among the people of the Fire." It was asked, "This is the case for the one who killed, but what about the one who was killed?' The Prophet said, "He wanted to kill his companion."'"

Hammad ibn Zayd said, "I mentioned this hadith to Ayyub and Yunus ibn 'Ubayd and I wanted for them to relate it to me. They said, "Al-Hasan related this hadith from al-Ahnaf ibn Qays from Abu Bakr."

Hammad related this.

Hammad ibn Zayd related it from Ayyub, Yunus, Hisham, Mu'alla ibn Ziyad from al-Hasan from al-Ahnaf from Abu Bakr from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Ma'mar related it from Ayyub.

Bakkar ibn 'Abdu'l-'Aziz related it from his father from Abu Bakra.

Rib'i ibn Hirash related it from Abu Bakra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Sufyan does not have it marfu' from Mansur.

XI. What is to be done when there is no community

6673. Abu Idris al-Khawlani was heard to say that he heard Hudhayfa ibn al-Yaman say, "People used to ask the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about good and I used to ask him about evil, fearing that it would overtake me. I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, we were in Jahiliyya and in evil, and then Allah brought us this good. Is there any evil after this good?' He answered, 'Yes.' I asked, 'Is there any good after that evil?' 'Yes,' he answered, 'but it will be mixed.' I said, 'What is it mixed with? He replied, 'Some people will guide by other than my guidance. You will see what they do and dislike it.' I said, 'Is there any evil after that good?' He said, 'Yes, those who call at the gates of Jahannam. If anyone responds to them, they will throw him into it.' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, describe them for me.' He said, 'They are from our race and they speak our language.' I said, 'What do you command me to do if that reaches me?' He said, 'Cling to the community of the Muslims and their leader.' I asked, 'If there they have neither community nor Imam?' He replied, 'Then keep apart from all those sects, even if you bite the root of a tree until death takes you while you are like that.'"

leader

XII. Someone who disliked to increase the number of the people who inflict afflictions and injustice

6674. It is related that Abu'l-Aswad said, "Conscription for an expedition was forced on the people of Madina [by Ibn az-Zubayr] and I was included in it. I met 'Ikrima and told him. He forbade me to do that in the strongest possible terms. Then he said, 'Ibn 'Abbas reported to me that some of the Muslims were with the idolworshippers to increase the size of the idolworshippers against the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. An arrow would be shot and hit one of them and kill him, or he would be struck a blow and killed. Then Allah revealed, "The angels ask those they take while wronging themselves..."' (4:97)"

XIII. When someone remains among the dregs of people

6675. Zayd ibn Wahb related that Hudhayfa said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, related two hadiths to us. I have seen one of them come about and am still waiting for the other. [He said, 'Trustworthiness descended into the very hearts of men. Then they knew it from the Qur'an and then they knew it from the Sunna.'" Then he related to us regarding its removal and said, 'A man will go to sleep and trustworthiness will be taken from his heart and its trace will remain like a small mark. Then he will go to sleep and trustworthiness will be taken from his heart and its trace will remain like a weal, as happens when an ember rolls onto his foot and it blisters up and you see it raised up with nothing in it. And people will continue to trade but practically no one will fulfil his trust, to such a point that it will be said, "There is a trustworthy man among the Banu so-and-so!" and until it will be said of a man, "How tough he is! How elegant! How intelligent!" when he does not have a mustard-grain of belief in his heart.' There was a time when I did not care who I did business with. If he was a Muslim, his deen was sufficient assurance for me, and if he was a Christian or a Jew, his guardian was sufficient assurance for me. Today I only do business with so-and-so and so-and-so."

XIV. Staying with the desert Arabs during civil unrest

6676. It is related from Salama ibn al-Akwa' that he visited al-Hajjaj and said, "Ibn al-Akwa'! You have turned on your heels, living in the desert!" "No," he answered, "but the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave me permission to live with the Bedouins."

Yazid ibn Abi 'Ubayd said, "When 'Uthman ibn 'Affan was killed, Salama ibn al-Akwa' went out to ar-Rabadha and married a woman there who bore him children. He remained there until some nights before he died when he went to Madina."

6677. 'Abdullah ibn Abu Sa'sa'a related from his father from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The time is approaching when the best property of a Muslim will be some sheep which he follows in the tops of the mountains and where the rain falls, fleeing with his deen from trials."

XV. Seeking refuge from trials

6678. Qatada related that Anas said, "They questioned the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until they pressed him with questions. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went up the minbar one day and said, 'You will not ask me about anything but that I will make it clear to you.' I began to look to the right and left and every man had his head in his garment and was weeping. Then a man stood up who had been attributed to other than his father when quarreling. He said, 'Messenger of Allah, who is my father?' He answered, 'Your father is Hudhafa.' Then 'Umar got up and said, 'We are pleased with Allah as a Lord, with Islam as a deen and with Muhammad as a Prophet. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of trials.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I have never seen such good and such evil as on this day. The Garden and the Fire were displayed before me just now against this wall.'"

He said, "Qatada used to mention this hadith at this ayat, 'O you who believe! Do not ask about matters which, if they were made known to you, would make things difficult for you.'" (5:101)

Qatada related that Anas reported to him this from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, "Every man had his head wrapped in his garment and was weeping." He said, "Seeking refuge with Allah from the evil of trials," or he said, "I seek refuge with Allah from the evil of trials."

Sa'id and Mu'tamir related from his father from Qatada that Anas reported this to them from the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, "Seeking refuge with Allah from the evil of trials."

XVI. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Trials will appear from the east"

6679. Salim related from his father that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood beside the minbar and said, "Sedition is there. Sedition is there ­ from where the horn of shaytan rises," or he said, "the horn of the sun."

6680. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say when he was facing the east, "Trials are there, from where the horn of shaytan rises."

6681. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned, "O Allah, bless us in our Syria. Bless us in our Yemen." They said, "Messenger of Allah, and in our Najd?" He said, " O Allah, bless us in our Syria. Bless us in our Yemen." They said, "Messenger of Allah, and in our Najd?" I think that he said the third tine, "There are earthquakes and afflictions there, and horn of Shaytan rises there."

6682. Wabara ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that Sa'id ibn Jubayr said, "'Abdullah ibn 'Umar came out to us and we hoped that he would relate a good hadith to us." He said, "A man got to him first and said, "Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman, relate to us about fighting during civil unrest as Allah says, 'Fight them until there is no more fitna' (2:193) He said, 'Do you know what fitna is, may your mother be bereft? Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to fight the idolaters and joining their religion was a trial. It is not like your fighting for the sake of dominion.'"

XVII. Trials which come like the waves of the sea

Ibn 'Uyayna related from Khalaf ibn Hawshab, "They used to like to recite these verses of Imru'l-Qays during times of trial:

War at first is a captivating young girl,

quick to catch the eye every rash ignorant person

Until when it is kindled and its wood is burning,

it becomes a husbandless old woman

With grey hairs whose appearance is unattractive,

whom one does not want to smell or kiss.

6683. Shaqiq related to us: "While we were sitting with 'Umar, he asked, 'Which of you remembers what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said about trial and tribulation?' I heard Hudhayfa say, 'The trial (fitna) of a man in respect of his wife, wealth, children and neighbours is expiated by prayer, fasting, sadaqa, and by commanding what is right and forbidding what is wrong.' He said, 'That is not what I am asking about, but rather that which spreads like the waves of the sea.' He said, 'Do not concern yourself with it, Amir al-Mu'minin! There is a closed door between you and it.' 'Umar asked, 'Will it be broken down or opened?' Hudhayfa replied, 'No, it will be broken down.' He said, 'Then it will never be closed again?' I said, 'Yes.' We asked Hudhayfa, 'Did 'Umar know what the door was?' 'Yes,' he replied, 'as it is known that there will be night before tomorrow. I related to him a hadith without errors.' We were afraid to ask him who the door was and told Masruq to ask him. He said, 'Who is the door?' and he answered, ''Umar.'"

6684. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related that Abu Musa al-Ash'ari said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to one of the gardens of Madina for some need and I followed after him. When he entered the Garden, I sat at its gate and said, 'Today I will be the gatekeeper of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, although he has not commanded me.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went and satisfied his need and then sat on the rim of the well, uncovered his legs and dangled them in the well. Abu Bakr came and asked for permission to enter and I said, 'Wait until I ask for permission for you.' He waited while I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Prophet of Allah, Abu Bakr asks for your permission to enter.' He said, 'Give him permission and give him the good news of the Garden.' He entered and went to the right-hand side of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, uncovered his legs and dangled them in the well. Then 'Umar came and I said, 'Wait until I ask for permission for you.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Give him permission and given him the good news of the Garden.' He went to the left side of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, uncovered his legs and dangled them in the well and so the rim was full and there was no place for anyone else to sit. Then 'Uthman came and I said, 'Wait until I ask for permission for you.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Give him permission and give him the good news of the Garden as well as an affliction which will befall him.' He entered and there was no place for him to sit with them and so went opposite them on the rim of the well, uncovered his legs and dangled them in the well. I began to wish that a brother of mine would come and I prayed to Allah that he would come."

Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "I interpreted it as their graves. They were together here while 'Uthman is separate."

6685. It is said that Sulayman heard Abu Wa'il say, "Usama was asked, "Will you go to so-and-so ['Uthman] and speak to him [about what is happening]?" He replied, "I spoke to him without opening a door which I would be the first to open. I would not be someone who says to a man who rules over two men, 'You are better,' after I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'A man will be brought and thrown into the Fire and will go around in it like the donkey of a grinding mill and the people of the Fire will gather around him and say, "So-and-so! Did you not command what is correct and forbid the wrong?" He will answer, "I used to command what is correct, but not do it, and forbid the wrong and do it."'"

6686. Al-Hasan reported that Abu Bakra said. "Allah helped me with some words at the Battle of the Camel. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard that the people of Persia had appointed the daughter of Chosroes ruler, he said, 'A people will not be successful who put a woman in charge of them.'"

6687. Abu Maryam 'Abdullah ibn Ziyad al-Asadi said, "When Talha, az-Zubayr and 'A'isha travelled to Basra, 'Ali sent 'Ammar ibn Yasir and Hasan ibn 'Ali. They came to us at Kufa and went up the minbar. Al-Hasan ibn 'Ali was on top of the minbar while 'Ammar stood below al-Hasan. We gathered around him and I heard 'Ammar say, ''A'isha has gone to Basra. By Allah, she, is the wife of your Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but Allah, blessed and exalted is He, has tested you so that he knows whether you will obey Him* or her.'"

[* There is disagreement about whether this pronoun refers to Allah or to 'Ali.]

6688. Al-Hakam related that Abu Wa'il said, 'Ammar stood on the minbar of Kufa and mentioned 'A'isha and the fact that she had travelled [to Basra] and said, 'She is the wife of your Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in this world and the Next, but she is part of your test.'"

6689. 'Amr said that he heard Abu Wa'il say, "Abu Musa and Abu Mas'ud visited 'Ammar when 'Ali sent him to the people of Kufa to encourage them [to go to Basra]. They said, 'Since you became a Muslim, we have not seen you doing something which we dislike more than your hastening in this matter.' 'Ammar said, 'Since you both became Muslim, I have not seen you doing anything I dislike more than your slowness in this business.' He (Abu Mas'ud) clothed them each in a suit of two robes and then they went to the mosque."

6690. Shaqiq ibn Salama said, "I was sitting with Abu Mas'ud, Abu Musa and 'Ammar when Abu Mas'ud said, 'There is none of your companions but that if I had so wished, I could say things about him, except for you. Since you kept the company of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, I have not seen you do anything which I criticise more in you than your haste in this matter.' 'Ammar said, 'Abu Mas'ud, I have not seen anything done by you nor by this companion of you since you kept the company of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which I criticise more than your slowness in this matter.' Abu Mas'ud, who was a rich man, then said, 'Boy! Bring two robes.' He gave one of them to Abu Musa and the other to 'Ammar. He said, 'Go to Jumu'a in them.'"

XVIII. When Allah sends down a punishment on a people

6691. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar related that he heard Ibn 'Umar say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'When Allah sends down a punishment on a people, the punishment will strike all those who are among them, and then they will be resurrected commensurate with their actions.'"

XIX. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about al-Hasan ibn 'Ali, "This son of mine is a chief and it may be that Allah will bring about peace between two parties of Muslims through him."

6692. Sufyan said, "Abu Musa Isra'il narrated to us. I met him in Kufa. He went to Ibn Shubruma* and said, 'Take me to 'Isa** so that I can adominish him.' It was as if Ibn Shubruma feared for him and so he did not do it." He said, "Al-Hasan narrated to us and said, 'When al-Hasan ibn 'Ali moved against Mu'awiya with squadrons, 'Amr ibn al-'As said to Mu'awiya, 'I see squadrons which will not retreat until the other force retreats.' Mu'awiya said, 'Who will look after the children of the Muslims?' He said, 'I will.' Then 'Abdullah ibn 'Amir and 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Samura said, 'We should meet with him and speak to him about peace.'" Al-Hasan said, "I heard Abu Bakra say, 'While the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was addressing us, al-Hasan came and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'This son of mine is a chief and it may be that Allah will bring about peace between two parties of Muslims by him.'"

[* The Qadi of Kufa under al-Mansur.

** 'Isa ibn Musa, the governor of Kufa]

6693. Harmala, the client of Usama said, "Usama sent me to 'Ali and said, 'He will immediately ask you, "What has held back your companion?" Tell him, "If you had been in the mouth of a lion, I would want to be with you, but I do not think this matter [fighting the Muslims] proper."' He ['Ali] did not give me anything so I went to Hasan, Husayn and Ibn Ja'far and they loaded up my camel."

XX. When someone says something in the presence of some people and then goes out and says something different

6694. Ayyub related that Nafi' said, "When the people of Madina deposed Yazid ibn Mu'awiya, Ibn 'Umar gathered his servants and children and said, 'I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "A banner will be set up for every traitor on the Day of Rising." We gave allegiance to this man in accordance with the allegiance to Allah and His Messenger, and I know of no treachery worse than giving allegiance to a man in accordance with the allegiance to Allah and His Messenger and then setting out to fight him. If I learn that any of you have deposed him and given allegiance [to another] in this matter, it will be a separation between me and him."

6695. 'Awf related that Abu'l-Minhal said, "When ['Abdullah] Ibn Ziyad and Marwan [ibn al-Hakam] were in Syria and Ibn az-Zubayr seized power in Makka and the qurra' seized power in Basra, I went with my father to Abu Bazra al-Aslami until we went to him in his house while he was sitting in the shade of a room built of cane. We sat with him and my father started to speak to him and said, 'Abu Bazra! Do you not see what the people have fallen into?' The first thing which I heard him say was, 'I seek a reward with Allah. I am angry with the tribes of Quraysh. You, company of Arabs, well know that you were in a state of abasement, want and misguidance, and then Allah delivered you by Islam and by Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until He brought you to what you see [of might, prosperity and guidance]. It is this world which has caused corruption between you. The one who is in Syria [i.e. Marwan], by Allah, is only fighting for this world. Those who are among you, by Allah, are only fighting for this world. The one who is in Makka [i.e. Ibn az-Zubayr], by Allah, is only fighting for this world.'"

6696. Abu Wa'il related that Hudhayfa ibn al-Yaman said, "The hypocrites today are worse than those at the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, because at that time they used to conceal [their unbelief] but today they show that openly."

6697. Abu'sh-Sha'tha' related that Hudhayfa said, "There was hypocrisy at the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Today it is unbelief after faith."

XXI. The Final Hour will not come until those who are buried in graves are envied

6698. Al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Final Hour will not come until a man passes by the grave of a man and says, 'Would that I were where he is!'"

XXII. Times will change until idols are worshipped

6699. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Final Hour will not come until the buttocks of the women of Daws move around Dhu'l-Khalasa."

Dhu'l-Khalasa was the idol of Daws which they worshipped in the Jahiliyya.

6700. Abu'l-Ghayth related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Final Hour will not come until a man emerges from Qahtan, driving the people with his staff."

XXIII. The emergence of the fire

Anas said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The first of the Signs of the Final Hour will be a fire which will gather the people from the east to the west."

6701. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Final Hour will not come until a fire emerges from the land of the Hijaz and illuminates the necks of the camels in Busra [in Syria]."

6702. Hafs ibn 'Asim related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Euphrates is about to disclose a treasure of gold. Whoever is present then should not take any of it."

Al-A'raj related the like of it from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, although he said, "a mountain of gold."

Chapter.

6703. Ma'bad related that he heard Haritha ibn Wahb say, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Give sadaqa. A time will come for people when a man will go with his sadaqa but not find anyone to accept it.'"

Musaddad said that Haritha was the brother of 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Umar by the same mother.

6704. 'Abdu'r-Rahman related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Final Hour will not come until two large groups fight one another in which many will be killed while they call to the same thing; until the lying Dajjals appear, about thirty of them, all of whom claim to be the Messenger of Allah; until knowledge is taken away, earthquakes are frequent, time passes quickly, violent conflict appears and harj, meaning slaughter, becomes commonplace; until your wealth increases to the point of overflowing until the owner of wealth is anxious about who will accept his zakat, and when he does offer it to someone, that person will say, 'I have no need of it'; until people compete in building tall buildings; until a man passes by a man's grave and says, 'Would that I were in his place'; and until the sun rises from the west. When people see it, then whoever is on the earth will believe. That is the time when 'No faith which a soul professes will be of any use to it if it did not believe before.' (6:158) The Final Hour will come while two men are spreading a garment between them but will not finish their transaction or fold it up. The Final Hour will come while a man is carrying the milk of his milk-camel, but will not be able to taste it. The Final Hour will come while someone is mending his water basin but will not be able to water from it. The Final Hour will come when someone is raising his food to his mouth but will not be able to taste it.

XXIV. Concerning the Dajjal

6705. Qays related, "Al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba said to me. 'No one asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about the Dajjal as I asked him. He asked me, 'What concerns you about him?' I answered, 'It is because they say that he will have a mountain of bread and a river of water.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He is too lowly for Allah to grant him that.'"

6706. Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Dajjal will come and camp near Madina and then Madina will shake three times and every unbeliever and hypocrite will leave it."

6707. Ibrahim related from Abu Bakra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The terror of the false Messiah (Dajjal) will not enter Madina. At that time it will have seven gates, with two angels at each gate."

Salih ibn Ibrahim related that his father said, "I came to Basra and Abu Bakra told me that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say this."

It is related from Abu Bakra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The terror of false Messiah (Dajjal) will not enter Madina. At that time it will have seven gates, with two angels at each gate."

6708. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up among the people and praised Allah as He deserves. Then he mentioned the Dajjal and said, 'I warn you of him. There is no Prophet but that he warned his people about him. But I say to you something which no Prophet has told his people. He is one-eyed and Allah is not one-eyed.'"

6709. Salim related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was doing tawaf of the Ka'ba. There was a man with brownish skin and straight hair with water dripping or pouring from his head. I asked, 'Who is this?' 'The son of Maryam,' they replied. Then I turned and there was a corpulent reddish man with curly hair and blind in one eye which looked like a protruding grape. They said, 'This is the Dajjal.' The person who resembles him most is Ibn Qatan, a man of Khuza'a.'"

6710. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in his prayer seeking refuge from the trial of the Dajjal."

6711. Rib'i related from Hudhayfa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said about the Dajjal, "He will have fire and water. His fire is cold water and his water is fire."

Abu Mas'ud said, "I heard that from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

6712. Qatada related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " There is no Prophet who has been sent but that he warned his people about the one-eyed liar. Your Lord is not one-eyed. Written between his eyes is 'kafir'."

XXV. The Dajjal will not enter Madina

6713. It is related that Abu Sa'id said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said related a long hadith to us about the Dajjal and part of what he told us was, 'The Dajjal will come and will be forbidden to enter the passes to Madina. He will alight at one of the salt marshes at Madina. On that day a man, who is the best of people - or one of the best of people - will come out to him and say, "I testify that you are the Dajjal about whom the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said related a hadith to us." The Dajjal will say, "If I kill this man and then bring him to life will you still doubt my business?" He will say, "No." He will kill him and then bring him life. When he brings him to life, he will say, "By Allah, now I am even more certain." The Dajjal will say, "I would kill him, but I have no more power over him."'"

6714. Nu'aym ibn 'Abdullah al-Mujmir related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said said, "There are angels at the passes to Madina and neither the plague nor the Dajjal will enter it."

6715. Qatada related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said said, "The Dajjal will come to Madina and find the angels guarding it, and so the Dajjal will not come near it." He said. "Nor will the plague, Allah willing.'"

XXVI. Ya'juj and Ma'juj

6716. Zaynab bint Abi Salama related from Umm Habiba bint Abi Sufyan from Zaynab bint Jahsh that one day the Prophet,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to her in a state of alarm saying, "There is no god but Allah. Woe to the Arabs from an evil which is drawing near! An opening has been made in the wall of Ya'juj and Ma'juj like this," and he made a circle with his thumb and forefinger. Zaynab bint Jahsh said, "I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, will we be destroyed when the righteous are among us?' He replied, 'Yes, if there is a lot of wickedness.'"

6717. Abu Hurayra related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " An opening has been made in the wall of Ya'juj and Ma'juj like this." Wuhayb indicated ninety with his fingers.

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