Chapter 5: The Book of Ghusl

Allah Almighty says: "If you are in a state of major impurity, then purify yourselves. But if you are ill or on a journey, or have come from the lavatory, or have touched women, and cannot find any water, then do tayammum with pure earth, and wipe your faces and your hands. Allah does not want to make things difficult for you, but He does want to purify you and to perfect His blessing upon you so that perhaps you may show thanks." (5:6)

And Allah, may His mention be exalted! says, "O you who believe! Do not approach the prayer when you are drunk so that you know what you are saying, nor in a state of major impurity – unless you are travelling – until you have washed yourselves completely. If you are ill or on a journey, or any of you have come from the lavatory or touched women, and you cannot find any water, then do tayammum with pure earth, wiping your faces and your hands. Allah is Ever-Pardoning, Ever-Forgiving." (4:42)

I: Performing wudu' before ghusl

245. It is related from 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, that when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed ghusl for janaba, he would began by washing his hands and then perform wudu' like he did wudu' for the prayer. Then he put his fingers in the water, [then he would take water] and massage the roots of his hair with them. Then he poured three handfuls on his head and then poured water over the entire surface of his skin.

246. It is related that Maymuna, the wife of the Prophet, said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did wudu' as he did wudu' for the prayer except for his feet. Then he washed his private parts and anywhere that the discharge had gone. Then he poured water over himself and then moved his feet to one side and washed them. This is how he performed ghusl for janaba."

II: A man doing ghusl together with his wife

247. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to do ghusl from the same vessel from a pot called faraq.

III: Performing ghusl with a sa' of water or thereabouts

248. It is related that Abu Salama was heard to say, "I and the brother of 'A'isha went to visit 'A'isha. Her brother asked her about the ghusl of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. She called for a vessel containing about a sa'. She washed and poured it over her head. There was a curtain between her and us."

Another isnad has "the amount of a sa'."

249. It is related from Abu Ja'far that while he and his father were with Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, there were some people with Jabir who asked him about ghusl. He said, "A sa' is enough for you." A man stated, "A sa' is not enough for me." Jabir said, "It was enough for one who had more hair than you and was better than you." Then Jabir led us in the prayer in a single garment.

250. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Maymuna used to do ghusl from a single vessel.

It is related from Shu'ba, "the amount of a sa'."

Al-Bukhari said that in later stages Ibn 'Uyayna used to relate this hadith on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas who related this case from Maymuna, but the correct version is what he has recorded earlier, i.e. omitting Maymuna.

IV: Pouring water on the head three times

251. It is related from Jubayr ibn Mut'im that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "As for me, I pour water over my head three times." He demonstrated with both his hands.

252. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pour water on his head three times.

253. It is related that Abu Ja'far said, "Jabir said to me, 'Your cousin - meaning al-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyya - came to me and asked about ghusl for janaba. I said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to take three handfuls of water and pour them on his head. Then he poured water over the rest of his body." Al-Hasan said to me, "I am a man with a lot of hair." I replied, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had more hair than you."'"

V: Ghusl (washing the body) is done once

254. It is related that Maymuna said, "I put down water for ghusl for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,and he rubbed his hands twice or three times. Then he poured water on his left hand and washed his private parts. Then he wiped his hand on the earth. Then he rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose by sniffing up and blowing out. He washed his face and hands and then poured water over his body. Then he moved from where he was and washed his feet."

VI: On beginning ghusl by using milk-pot or some scent

255. It is related from ÕA'isha, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed a ghusl for janaba, he called for a pot like the milk-pot and, taking it in his hand, began with the right side of his head and then the left side and then rubbed his head with both hands."

VII: On rinsing out the mouth and cleaning the nose by sniffing up and blowing out in [the ghusl for] janaba

256. It is related that Maymuna said, "I poured water for ghusl for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He poured water onto his left hand with his right hand and washed them both. Then he washed his private parts and then he rubbed the earth with his hands, and then washed them. Then he rinsed out his mouth and cleaned his nose with water by sniffing up and blowing out again. Then he washed his face and poured water on his head. Then he moved to one side and washed his feet. He was given a towel [to dry] but did not use it."

VIII: On rubbing the hands with earth in order to clean them

257. It is related from Maymuna, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did a ghusl for janaba. He cleaned his private parts with his hand, then rubbed it on the wall and then washed it. Then he did wudu' as he did wudu' for the prayer. When he had finished his ghusl, he washed his feet."

IX: Can someone who is in janaba put his hand in the container before he washes it if there is no impurity on his hand other than janaba?

Ibn 'Umar and al-Bara' ibn 'Azib put their hands in water without washing them and then did wudu'.

Ibn 'Umar and Ibn 'Abbas did not see any harm in any drops splashing from the ghusl of janaba back into the water-container.

258. It is related from 'A'isha who said that, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to do ghusl from the same vessel, and our hands would alternate going into it."

259. It is related from 'A'isha, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did ghusl for janaba, he washed his hands first."

260. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to do ghusl from the same vessel for janaba."

The same thing is related from al-Qasim from 'A'isha.

261. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and one of his wives used to do ghusl from a single vessel."

Muslim and Wahb added from Shu'ba, "for janaba."

X: A pause during ghusl or doing wudu'

Ibn 'Umar mentioned that he washed his feet after the rest of the parts washed in wudu' had become dry.

262.It is related that Maymuna said, "I put down water for ghusl for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he poured it on his hands and washed them twice or three times. Then he poured water with his right hand on his left hand and washed his private parts. Then he wiped his hand on the earth. Then he rinsed his mouth and cleaned his nose by sniffing up and blowing out. Then he washed his face and hands and washed his head three times and then poured water over his body. Then he moved from where he was and washed his feet."

XI: Pouring water with the right hand onto the left hand during ghusl

263. It is related that Maymuna bint al-Harith said, "I put down water for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to do ghusl and screened him. He poured water onto his hands and washed them once or twice. Sulayman said, "I do not know whether three times was mentioned or not. Then he poured water onto his left hand with his right hand and washed his private parts. Then he rubbed his hand on the earth or on the wall. Then he rinsed out his mouth and cleaned his nose by sniffing up and blowing out and washed his face and hands and washed his head. Then he poured water over his body. Then he moved to one side and washed his feet. I offered him a cloth but he gesticulated with his hand like this and did not want it."

XII: On having sexual intercourse and then repeating it again* and someone making the rounds of his wives and only doing ghusl once

[* The question is whether after every sexual intercourse one has to do ghusl, so if he does it again, will he have to do a second ghusl? The answer is that one only at the end will be sufficient, but if someone can do ghusl every time he can do it.]

264. It is related from Muhammad ibn al-Muntashir from his father who had mentioned it to 'A'isha. She said, "May Allah have mercy on Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman! I used to put scent on the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he would have sex with his wives and in the morning he put on ihram and he was still smelling of scent."

265. It is related from Qatada that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to make the rounds of all his wives at one go either at night or during the day - and he had eleven wives. Qatada said to Anas, "Had he the strength for that?" He said, "We used to say that he had been given the strength of thirty men."

Sa'id said from Qatada that Anas said, "Nine wives"*.

[* Eleven refers to nine wives and two slavegirls: Mariya and Rayhana.]

XIII: Washing off emotional urethral discharge (madhiy) and doing wudu' on account of it

266. It is related that 'Ali said, "I was a man who used to get frequent emotional urethral discharges (madhiy) and I told a man to ask the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about it because of his daughter (Fatima). He replied, 'Do wudu' and wash your private parts.' "

XIV: On putting on perfume and then having a ghusl and the scent of the perfume remaining even after that

267. It is related from Muhammad ibn al-Muntashir from his father who had mentioned to 'A'isha what Ibn 'Umar said about not liking to put on ihram while still smelling of scent. She said, "I used to put scent on the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace..." see 264.

268. It is related from 'A'isha, "I can almost visualise the glistening of scent in the parting [of the hair] of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he was in ihram."

XV: Running the fingers through the hair until one feels that the scalp is wet and then pouring water over it

269. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed ghusl for janaba, he began by washing his hands and then did wudu' like he did wudu' for the prayer. Then he did ghusl. He ran his fingers through his hair until he felt that his scalp was wet. Then he poured water on his head three times and then he washed the rest of his body."

She added, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to perform  ghusl from a single container from which we both took water."

XVI: Someone who does wudu' in a state of janaba and then washes the rest of his body but does not wash once again the places he already washed in wudu'

270. It is related from Maymuna, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put down water for janaba. He poured water with his right hand onto his left hand twice or three times. Then he washed his private parts. Then he rubbed his hand on the earth or on the wall twice or three times. Then he rinsed out his mouth and cleaned his nose by sniffing up and blowing out. He washed his face and arms and then poured water over his head and washed his body. Then he moved away and washed his feet." Maymuna said, "I brought him a cloth but he did not want it and wiped off the water with his hand."

XVII: When someone in the mosque remembers that he is in janaba he should leave immediately and should not do tayammum

271. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "Once when the iqama for the prayer had been called and the rows had been made straight, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out to us. When he stood in his place of prayer, he remembered that he was junub. He said to us, 'Stay where you are,' and went back and did ghusl. Then he came out to us with his head dripping. He said, 'Allah is greater,' and we prayed with him."

'Abdu'l-A'la corroborated this from Ma'mar from az-Zuhri and al-Awza'i related it from az-Zuhri.

XVIII: Wiping off water with the hands after performing ghusl for janaba

272. It is related that Maymuna bint al-Harith said, "I put down water for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to perform ghusl and screened him. He poured water onto his hands and washed them. Then he poured water onto his left hand with his right hand and washed his private parts. Then he struck his hand on the earth and wiped it and then washed it. Then he rinsed out his mouth and cleaned his nose by sniffing up and blowing out and washed his face and arms. Then he poured water over his head and poured it over his body. Then he moved to one side and washed his feet. He left shaking the water from his hands."

XIX: Beginning with the right side of the head in ghusl

273. It is related from 'A'isha, "When one of us was in janaba, she would pour water over her head three times using both hands and then rub the right side of her head with one hand and the left side with the other hand."

XX: Doing ghusl naked in a secluded place, or while screened, and being screened is better

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is more proper for someone to be modest before Allah than before people."

274. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Banu Isra'il used to bathe naked, looking at each other. Musa used to take a bath alone. They said, 'By Allah! The only thing which prevents Musa from bathing with us is that he has a scrotal hernia. Once Musa went to take a bath and placed his garment on a stone and the stone ran off with it. Musa went after it, saying, 'My clothes, O stone!' until the Banu Isra'il looked at Musa and said, 'By Allah, there is nothing wrong with Musa.' He took his garment and began to strike the stone."

Abu Hurayra said, "By Allah, the stone still has six or seven marks from the beating."

275. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When Ayyub was bathing while naked, golden locusts began to fall on him and Ayyub began to collect them in his garment. His Lord called to him, 'O Ayyub! Have We not made you wealthy enough not to need what you see?' He said, 'Yes, indeed, by Your might, but I still need Your blessing!.'"

The same is related from Abu Hurayra with another isnad.

XXI: Screening oneself when doing ghusl in the presence of other people

276. It is related that Umm Hani' bint Abi Talib said, "I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of the Conquest of Makka and found him performing ghusl while Fatima was screening him. He asked, 'Who is it?' I said, 'It is Umm Hani.'"

277. It is related that Maymuna said, 'I screened the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he was doing a ghusl for janaba. He washed his hands and then poured water on his left hand with his right hand and washed his private parts. Then he rubbed his hand on the wall or the earth. Then he performed wudu' like he did wudu' for the prayer except for his feet. Then he poured water over his body. Then he moved to one side and washed his feet."

Abu 'Awana and Ibn Fudayl corroborated [in relating from A'mash], the screening.

XXII: On a woman having a sexual dream

278. It is related that Umm Salama, the Umm al-Mu'minin, said, "Umm Sulaym, the wife of Abu Talha, came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, Allah is not ashamed of the truth. Does a woman have to perform a ghusl when she has a sexual dream?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Yes, if she sees any discharge.'"

XXIII: The sweat of someone who is in janaba. A Muslim does not become impure

279. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, met me in one of the streets of Madina when I was junub. I slipped away from him and went and did ghusl. Then I returned back, the Prophet said, 'Where have you been, Abu Hurayra?' I replied, "I was junub, and I do not like to be in your company when I am not in a pure state.' He said, 'Glory be to Allah! A Muslim never becomes impure!'"

XXIV: A person who is in janaba can go out and walk in the market and elsewhere

'Ata' said, "A person who is in janaba can be cupped, have his nails clipped and his head shaved even if he has not done wudu'.

280. It is related from Anas ibn Malik, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to have sex with all his wives in the same night, and he had nine wives at that time."

281. It is related from Abu Hurayra, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, met me when I was in janaba and took my hand and I went with him until he sat down. Then I slipped away, went home and performed a ghusl. When I came back, he was still sitting there and he said, 'Where have you been, Abu Hirr?' I told him about it, and he said, 'Glory be to Allah! Abu Hirr, the believer never becomes impure.'"

XXV: A person who is in janaba staying at home and doing wudu' before doing ghusl

282. It is related that Abu Salama said, "I asked 'A'isha, 'Did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, go to sleep when he was in janaba?' She said, 'Yes, but he did wudu'.'"

XXVI: The sleeping of someone in janaba

283. It is related that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Can one of us sleep while he is in janaba?" He replied, "Yes, if you do wudu', then you can sleep in a state of janaba."

XXVII: Someone who is in janaba may do wudu' before he goes to sleep

284. It is related from 'A'isha, "Whenever the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to go to sleep when he was in janaba, he would wash his private parts and do wudu' like he did wudu' for the prayer."

285. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "'Umar asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for a fatwa (legal decision), 'Can any of us go to sleep when he is in janaba?' He replied, 'Yes, if he does wudu'.'"

286. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab mentioned to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that he sometimes found himself in janaba at night. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him, 'Do wudu', wash your private parts, and then sleep.'"

XXVIII: When male and female private parts meet

287. It is related from Abu Hurayra, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'When a man lies between a woman's limbs and penetrates her, then ghusl becomes obligatory.'"

'Amr ibn Marzuq corroborated this, relating something similar from Shu'ba [from Qatada]. The same thing is related from al-Hasan.

XXIX: Washing off what comes from a woman's private parts

288. It is related that Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani asked 'Uthman ibn 'Affan, "What do you think a man who has sexual intercourse with his wife and does not ejaculate should do?" 'Uthman answered, "He should do wudu' as he does wudu' for the prayer and wash his private parts. I heard that from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

Zayd said, "I asked 'Ali ibn Talib, az-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam, Talha ibn 'Ubaydullah and Ubayy ibn Ka'b about it and they also said that.

Urwa ibn az-Zubayr said that he heard that from Abu Ayyub who heard it from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

289. It is related that Ubayy ibn Ka'b said, "Messenger of Allah, what should a man do when has intercourse with a woman and does not ejaculate?"

He said, "He should wash what has touched the woman and then perform wudu' and pray."

Abu 'Abdullah [al-Bukhari] said, "Doing ghusl is safer and that was the last order. We have made their disagreement clear."

Chapter 6. Book of Menstruation

The words of Allah, "They will ask you about menstruation. Say, 'It is an impurity, so keep apart from women during menstruation and do not approach them until they have purified themselves. But once they have purified themselves, then go to them in the way that Allah has enjoined on you.' Allah loves those who turn back from wrongdoing and He loves those who purify themselves." (2:222)

I: How menstruation started, and the words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "This is something which Allah has decreed for the daughters of Adam."

Some people* have said that menstruation first came on the Banu Isra'il, but what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said is more authentic.

[* 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud and 'A'isha.]

II: Instructions to women when they start to menstruate

290. It is related from al-Qasim, "I heard 'A'isha say, 'We set out with no other intention than to perform hajj. When we reached Sarif*, I started to menstruate. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came upon me, while I was weeping, he said, 'What is the matter? Have you started your period?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'This is something that Allah has decreed for the daughters of Adam so do everything that someone on hajj does but do not do tawaf of the House.' She said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed a cow on behalf of his wives.'"

[* Sarif: a place close to Makka.]

III A menstruating woman washing her husband's head and combing his hair

291. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I used to comb the head of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while I was menstruating."

292. It is related from 'Urwa that he was asked, "Can a menstruating woman serve me? Can a woman who is in janaba come near me?" 'Urwa said, "None of that bothers me. All of those women could serve me and there is no harm for anyone in that. 'A'isha told me that she used to comb the head of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while she was menstruating and while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in i'tikaf (retreat) in the mosque. He would move his head near to her, she being in her room, and she would comb his hair while she was menstruating."

IV: A man reciting Qur'an in his wife's lap while she is menstruating.

Abu Wa'il used to send his servant girl who was menstruating to bring the Qur'an from Abu Razin. She would hold it by its strap.

293. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to recline on my lap while I was menstruating and recite the Qur'an."

V: Using the word "nifas" for menstruation*

[*The word nifas is used for the bleeding of women after childbirth, but sometimes it is used for menstruation as well. This is the point al-Bukhari wants to clarify.]

294. It is related that Umm Salama said, "Once while I was lying with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, under a black woollen cover I started my menstrual period and I slipped away to get my menstruation clothes. He said, 'Have you started menstruating (tanfusti)?" I answered, 'Yes.' He called to me and I lay down again with him under the cover."

V: Fondling a menstruating woman

295. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to wash from the same container when we were both in janaba. While I was menstruating, he told me to wrap my waist-wrapper around myself and then he cuddled me. He would hold his head out to me when he was in i'tikaf (retreat in the mosque) and I would wash it while I was menstruating."

296. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When one of us was menstruating and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to fondle her, he would tell her to put on a waist-wrapper when she started her menstrual period and he would fondle her." She said, "Who among you would be able to control his desires as the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,controlled his?"

Khalid and Jarir corroborated with 'Ali ibn Mushir in relating it from ash-Shaybani.

297. It is related that Maymuna was heard to say, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,wanted to fondle one of his wives, he told her, if she was menstruating, to put on a waist-wrapper."

Sufyan related it from ash-Shaybani.

VI: Menstruating women refraining from fasting

298. It is related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set out to the place of prayer on the Day of Adha or Fitr and passed by the women. He said, 'O congregation of women! Give alms for I have seen that you will make up the majority of the inhabitants of the Fire!' They said, 'Why, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'You call down too many curses and show ingratitude to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intellect or deen. Yet the mind of even a resolute man might be swept away by one of you.' They said, 'In what way is our deen and intellect deficient, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'Is not the testimony of a woman worth only half that of a man?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'That is how your intellect is deficient. Is it not so that when a woman is menstruating, she neither prays nor fasts?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'That is how her deen is deficient.'"

VII: A woman who is menstruating should perform all the duties of the hajj except for tawaf of the House

Ibrahim said, "There is no harm in her reciting a verse of the Qur'an."

Ibn 'Abbas did not see any harm in the recitation of [the Qur'an] by someone who is in janaba.

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned Allah at all times [which includes recitation of the Qur'an].

Umm 'Atiyya said, "We were ordered to let menstruating women go out [for the prayer] and call out takbirs together with the men's takbirs and make supplication.

Ibn 'Abbas said that he was told by Abu Sufyan that Heraclius asked for the letter of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and read it. It said, "In the name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate. O People of the Book! Come to a proposition which is the same for us and you."

'Ata' stated that Jabir said, "'A'isha started menstruating and performed all the rites of hajj except tawaf of the House and she did not pray."

Al-Hakam said, "I slaughter even when I am in janaba [mentioning the name of Allah in this state]." Allah says, "Do not eat anything over which the name of Allah has not been mentioned." (6:121)

299. It is related that 'A'isha said, "''We set out with the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with no other intention than to perform hajj. When we reached Sarif, I started to menstruate. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came upon me while I was weeping. He said, 'What has made you weep?' I said, 'I wish , by Allah, that I had not made hajj this year.' He said, "'Is it that you have started to menstruate?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'This is something which Allah has decreed for the daughters of Adam so do everything someone on hajj does but do not do tawaf of the House until you are pure.'"

VIII: False menstruation [bleeding between menstrual periods]

300. It is related that 'A'isha said, " Fatima bint Hubaysh told the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'Messenger of Allah, I never become clean. Should I abandon the prayer?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,  said, 'That is due to a vein, not menstruation. When menstruation comes, then stop praying. When your menstrual period ends, then wash off the blood and pray.'"

IX: Washing off menstrual blood

301. It is related that Asma' bint Abi Bakr said, "A woman asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'Messenger of Allah, what do you think a woman should do if menstrual blood gets on her clothes?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If menstrual blood gets onto your clothes, she should gather up the place in her fingers, rub it, and wash it with water and then she can pray in it.'"

302. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When one of us had menstruated, she would, when she was clean again, gather up any place on her garment with blood on it, rub it, wash it and sprinkle water on the rest of it. Then she would pray in it."

X: A woman with false menstruation doing retreat in the mosque for i'tikaf

303. It is related from 'A'isha that one of the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did i'tikaf along with him when she had false menstruation. She would see blood and sometimes put a dish under her for the blood. 'Ikrima claimed that 'A'isha saw some safflower liquid and said, "This is like what so-and-so used to find."

304. It is related that 'A'isha said, "One of the wives of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did i'tikaf with him. She used to see blood and yellow discharge and would put a dish under her while she was praying."

305. It is related from 'A'isha that one of the Mothers of the Believers did i'tikaf while she had false menstruation.

XI: Can a woman pray in the clothes in which she has menstruated?

306. It is related that 'A'isha said, "None of us had more than a single garment and we menstruated while wearing it. When a drop blood fell on it, we would spit on it and scratch it off with our nails."

XII: A woman using perfume when she does ghusl after menstruation

307. It is related from Umm 'Atiyya from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "We were forbidden to mourn for a dead person for more than three days except for a husband for whom the period was four months and ten days. We would not put on kohl or perfume or wear coloured clothes except 'asb (coarse Yemeni coloured) garments. When we purified ourselves by doing ghusl after menstruation, we were allowed a small amount of light perfume. We were forbidden to join funeral processions."

Hisham ibn Hassan related it from Umm 'Atiyya via Hafsa.

XIII: A woman should rub herself thoroughly when she becomes clean after menstruation. How she should wash herself and use a perfumed piece of cloth [maybe of musk] to wipe off any traces of blood

308. It is related that 'A'isha said, "A woman asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about ghusl after menstruation. He told her how to wash, saying, 'Take a piece of cloth scented with musk and purify yourself with it.'

She repeated, 'How shall I purify myself with it?'

He said, 'Purify yourself with it.'

She said,'How?'

He said, 'Glory be to Allah! Purify yourself with it!'"

['A'isha said,] "I pulled her towards me and said, 'Wipe off any traces of blood with it.'"

XIV: Washing the place of menstruation

309. It is related that 'A'isha said, "A woman of the Ansar said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'How should I do ghusl after menstruation?' He said, 'Take a piece of perfumed cloth and clean yourself three times.' Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became embarrassed and turned his face away. (Or he said, 'Clean yourself with it.') I took her and pulled her to one side and explained to her what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, meant."

XV: A woman combing her hair when she does ghusl after menstruation

310. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I assumed ihram with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for the Hajj of Farewell and I was one of those intending to do tamattu' (a way of performing hajj and 'umra) but did not take any sacrificial animals with me." She said that she started to menstruate and did not become clean until the night of 'Arafa. She said, "Messenger of Allah, this is the night of 'Arafa and I had meant to perform 'umra." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to her, "Undo your hair and comb it and postpone your 'umra."

She said, "I did that and completed the hajj. On the night of al-Hasaba, the Prophet ordered 'Abdu'r-Rahman to take me to at-Tan'im to do 'umra in place of the 'umra I had meant to perform."

[al-Hasaba: Muhassab. 'Abdu'r-Rahman was her brother. Tan'im is close to Makka, on the road to Madina, See 311.]

XVI: A woman should undo her hair when performing ghusl after menstruation

311. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We set off at the approach of Dhu'l-Hijja [that is the month for hajj] for the hajj. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Whoever wants to assume ihram for 'umra should do so. If I had not brought sacrifice, I would have assumed ihram for 'umra. Some of us assumed ihram for 'umra and some for hajj. I was one of those who assumed ihram for 'umra. When the day of 'Arafat came, I was still menstruating. I complained to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Postpone your 'umra and undo your hair and comb it and put on ihram for hajj.' I did that. On the night of al-Hasaba [ i.e. the night they stayed at al-Muhassab], he sent my brother, 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr, with me and I went out to at-Tan'im. I assumed ihram for 'umra to make up for my 'umra."

Hisham said, "For that, neither sacrifice nor fasting nor sadaqa was required."

XVII: "Flesh formed yet unformed." (22:5)

312. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah the Mighty and Majestic appoints an angel to every womb who says, 'O Lord! A sperm drop! O Lord A clot! O Lord! A lump of flesh! ' Then if He desires to complete His creation, He does so and the angel asks, 'Is it to be male or female? Wretched or happy? What is its provision? What is its life-span?' This is all decreed in the mother's womb."

XVIII: How menstruating women assume ihram for hajj and 'umra

313. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We set off with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Hajj of Farewell. Some of us assumed ihram for 'umra and some for hajj. We reached Makka and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Whoever assumed ihram for 'umra and does not have a sacrifice should come out of ihram. Whoever assumed ihram for 'umra and has a sacrifice should not come out of ihram until he has slaughtered his sacrifice. Whoever assumed ihram for hajj should complete his hajj."

'A'isha said, "I started to menstruate and continued until the Day of 'Arafa and I had only assumed ihram for 'umra. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded me to undo my hair and comb it and to assume ihram for the hajj and abandon the 'umra. I did that and finished my hajj. Then he sent 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr with me and told me to do an 'umra, to replace my (missed) 'umra, from at-Tan'im."

XIX: The beginning and end of menstruation

Some women used to send 'A'isha little boxes containing pieces of cotton cloth which still showed some yellowness. 'A'isha would say, "Do not rush [to do ghusl] until you see white cotton," meaning by that purity from menstruation.

The daughter of Zayd ibn Thabit was told that the women were asking for lamps in the middle of the night to check their purity. She said, "Women never used to do this," and criticised them.

314. It is related from 'A'isha that Fatima bint Abi Hubaysh used to suffer from false menstruation and so she asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, "That is only a blood vessel, not menstruation, so when your menstrual period approaches, stop the prayer, and when it finishes, take a bath and pray."

XX: A menstruating woman should not make up the prayer

Jabir and Abu Sa'id said that the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "She must abandon the prayer."

315. It is related from Mu'adha that a woman asked 'A'isha, "Should we make up the prayer when we become clean?" She said, "Are you from Harura'? [i.e. are you a Kharijite? ] When we were with the Prophet, we got our menstrual periods and he did not command us to do that." (or she said, "We did not do that.")

XXI: Sleeping with a menstruating woman who is wearing her (special menstruation) clothes

316. It is related from Zaynab bint Abi Salama, "Umm Salama said, "Once while I was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, under a black woollen cover I started my menstrual period and I slipped away and came out of it and got my menstruation clothes. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'Have you started menstruating?" I answered, 'Yes.' He called to me and I lay down again with him under the cover."

She related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to kiss her while he was fasting and [she said], "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to do a ghusl from the same vessel for janaba."

XXII: Wearing a special garment for menstruation other than the clothes worn during the time of the clean period

317. It is related that Umm Salama said, "Once while I was lying with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, under a black woollen cover I started my menstrual period and I slipped away to get my menstruation clothes. He said, 'Have you started menstruating?" I said. 'Yes.' He called to me and I lay down again with him under the cover."

XXIII: Menstruating women being present at the two 'Id festivals and other meetings of the Muslims* but staying away from the place of prayer

318. It is related from Ayyub that Hafsa [bint Sirin] said, "We used to keep our young women from going out for the two 'Ids. A woman came and stayed at the fortress of the Banu Khalaf [in Basra] and she related that her sister, whose husband had been on twelve expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and who had herself gone with him on six of them, said, 'We used to treat the wounded and care for the sick.' 'My sister asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Is there any harm in one of us not going out if she does not have an outer garment?" He said, "Her companion should let her share her outer covering garment and take part in the good actions and gatherings of the Muslims."'" [Hafsa said,] "When Umm 'Atiyya came, I asked her if she had heard that from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,and she said, 'By my father, yes - whenever she mentioned the Prophet, she always said, "by my father" - I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Young unmarried women, mature women - or young girls who are veiled - and menstruating women should go out and take part in the good actions and meetings of the believers, but menstruating women should stay away from the place of prayer."'"

Hafsa said, "I said, 'Menstruating women?' She said, 'Do they not attend 'Arafa, and so on and so on.'"

*Like the Rain Prayer.

XXIV: When a woman menstruates three times a month. What should be believed from women regarding menstruation and pregnancy and what is possible regarding menstruation according to the words of Allah, "It is not lawful for them to conceal what Allah has created in their wombs." (2:228)

'Ali and Shurayh said, "If a woman brings testimony from members of her close family, who are known to be good Muslims, that she menstruates three times a month, she should be believed."

'Ata' said [in case of 'idda, i.e. waiting period], "Her past menstrual pattern should be taken into account." Ibrahim also said the same thing.

'Ata' said, "Menstruation can last from one to fifteen days." Mu'tamir said that when his father asked Ibn Sirin about a woman who sees blood five days after the end of her menstrual period, he said, "Women have more knowledge about those things."

319. It is related from 'A'isha that Fatima bint Abi Hubaysh asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "I have persistent bleeding and never become clean. Should I stop praying?" He said, "No, that is due to a blood vessel, not menstruation, so stop the prayer for the days when you are menstruating and then have a ghusl and pray."

XXV: Yellow discharge and discoloration outside the days of menstruation

320. It is related from Umm 'Atiyya, "We did not consider yellow discharge and discoloration to be anything."

XXVI: A blood vessel being the cause of false menstruation

321. It is related that  'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, said, "Umm Habiba suffered from false menstruation for seven years. She asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about that and he told her, 'This is due to a blood vessel.' She used to do ghusl for every prayer."

XXVII: A woman who starts menstruating after the Tawaf al-Ifada

322. It is related that  'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, said to the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Messenger of Allah, Safiyya bint Huyayy has started menstruating." He said, "She may well delay us. Did she not do the Tawaf [al-Ifada] with you?" They said, "Yes." He said (to her), "So you can leave."

323. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "A menstruating woman is permitted to leave [before doing the Farewell Tawaf] if she starts menstruating [before doing the Farewell Tawaf]. Ibn 'Umar used to say at first that she should not leave and then I heard him say, "She can leave since the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,  allowed women to do that."

XXVIII: When a woman who suffers from false menstruation notices that she has become clean

Ibn 'Abbas said that she should do ghusl and pray, even if the prayer time only has one hour left, and her husband can have sexual intercourse with her when she has prayed, but the prayer is more important.

324. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'When menstruation comes, stop the prayer and when it ends, then wash the blood from yourself, [take a bath] and pray.

XXIX: Doing the funeral prayer over a woman who has died during her period of bleeding after childbirth and the manner of her funeral prayer

325. It is related from Samura ibn Jundub that a woman* died during childbirth and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed the funeral prayer over her and stood opposite the middle of her body.

*Umm Ka'b al-Ansariyya.

326. It is related from Maymuna, the wife of the Prophet, that when she was menstruating, she did not pray, but she would sit in front of where the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was prostrating while he was praying on his mat. She said, "When he prostrated, some of his clothing would touch me."

Chapter 7: Book of Tayammum

Allah's words, "If you cannot find any water, then do tayammum with pure earth, and wipe your faces and your hands." (5:6)

327. It is related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on one of his journeys until, when we had reached al-Bayda, or Dhat al-Jaysh,* my necklace broke and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stayed to look for it and everyone else stayed with him. There was no water there, so the people went to Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and said, 'Look at what 'A'isha has done! She has caused the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and everyone else to halt at a place where there is no water for them nor are they carrying any water with them!' Abu Bakr came and found that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had gone to sleep with his head against my thigh. He said, 'You have held up the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and everyone else in a place where there is no water and they are not carrying any water with them!' Abu Bakr rebuked me saying what Allah wished him to say and started to poke me in the side with his hand and the only reason I did not move was that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was against my thigh. At first light the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up and found that there was no water. Then Allah sent down the verse of tayammum. So they did tayammum." Usayd ibn al-Hudayr said, 'Family of Abu Bakr, this is not the first blessing you have brought!'" 'A'isha continued, "We made the camel I was on get up and found the necklace underneath it."

[*Two places between Makka and Madina.]

328. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I have been given five things which no one before me was given: I have been helped to victory by terror flooding (my enemies') hearts up to a month's journey away; for me, the whole earth has been made a mosque and made pure (for purification by tayammum) - wherever a man of my community finds himself when the time of prayer comes, he can pray; taking booty has been made lawful for me when it was not lawful for anyone before me; I have been given the right of intercession; and whereas every other Prophet was sent only to his people, I have been sent to all mankind.'"

I: When neither water nor earth is available

329. It is related that 'A'isha said that she borrowed a necklace from Asma' and it disappeared. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a man who found it. The time of the prayer found them with no water so they prayed but then voiced their anxiety about doing that to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Allah sent down the Ayat of Tayammum. Usayd ibn Hudayr said to 'A'isha, "May Allah reward you! By Allah, nothing unpleasant ever happens to you, without Allah making it a means of good for both you and the Muslims."

II: The performance of tayammum by a resident when there is no water available and he fears that he will miss the prayer

'Ata' and al-Hasan said that when a sick person has water but cannot find anyone to hand it to him, he can do tayammum. Ibn 'Umar was coming from his land in al-Jurf and the time for 'Asr came when he reached Marbad an-Na'am. He prayed (doing tayammum) and then entered Madina while the sun was still high, but did not repeat the prayer.

[al-Jurf is a place close to Madina used sometimes as a military camp before expeditions. Marbad an-Na'am is where the camels are kept]

330. It is related that 'Umayr, the mawla of Ibn 'Abbas, was heard to say, "'Abdullah ibn Yasar, the mawla of Maymuna, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I went to visit Abu Juhaym ibn al-Harith ibn Simma al-Ansari. Abu Juhaym said, 'Once the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was coming from the direction of Bi'r Jamal*. A man met him and greeted him but the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not reply to him until he came to a wall. He [struck the wall with his hands] and then wiped his face and hands and then returned his greeting.'"

[*A place close to Madina. It is also said to be al-Jurf.]

III: Can someone doing tayammum blow on his hands?

331. 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abza related that his father said, "A man came to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab and said, 'I was junub and could not find any water.' 'Ammar ibn Yasir said to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, 'Do you remember once when you and I were on a journey and you did not pray but I rolled on the ground and prayed? I mentioned that to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'It would have been enough for you to do this.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, beat the earth with his hands, blew on them and then wiped his face and hands with them."

IV: Tayammum is for the face and hands

332. Sa'id ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abza related from his father that 'Ammar said that. Shu'ba beat the earth with his hands and brought them up to his mouth and then wiped his face and hands with them.

'Ammar said, "Pure earth is a sufficient means of purification for a Muslim in the event of there being no water."

333. 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abza related that once while his father was with 'Umar, 'Ammar said to 'Umar, "We were on an expedition and became junub." And he said that he had blown on his hands.

334. It is related that 'Abdu'r-Rahman said, "'Ammar said to 'Umar, "I rolled in the dust and came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, 'Your face and hands would have been enough.'"

335. 'Abdu'r-Rahman said, "I was present when 'Ammar said to 'Umar when 'Ammar" and the hadith continues.

336. It is related that 'Ammar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, beat the earth with his hands and wiped his face and hands."

V: Pure earth is a sufficient means of purification for a Muslim in the event of there being no water

Al-Hasan said, "Tayammum is enough as long as you do nothing to break it." Ibn 'Abbas led the prayer after doing tayammum. Yahya ibn Sa'id said, "There is nothing wrong in doing the prayer on salty land or in using it for doing tayammum."

337. It is related that 'Imran said, "We were on a journey with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and we travelled until late in the night when we stopped at a place, and no stop is more welcome in the eyes a traveller than that. We were woken up by the heat of the sun. The first of us to wake up was so-and-so and then so-and-so. (Abu Raja' named them, but 'Awf forgot.) The fourth person was 'Umar ibn al-Khattab. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slept, we would not wake him until he woke up of his own accord because we did not know what might be happening to him while he was asleep. Being a strict man, when 'Umar woke up and saw what had happened to everyone he called out, 'Allah is greater!' in a loud voice. He continued to call out the takbir loudly until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was woken up by his voice. When he woke up, the people expressed their anxiety to him about what had happened to them. He said, 'There is no harm - or it will not cause harm. Travel on.' They went on a short distance and then stopped. The Prophet called for wudu' water and did wudu'. The call for the prayer was given and he led the people in the prayer. When he had finished the prayer, he noticed a man who had kept himself apart and not prayed with the people. He said, 'So-and-so! What kept you from praying with everyone else?' He said, 'I am in janaba and there is no water.' The Prophet said, 'You must use the bare earth. That will be enough for you.'

"Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, travelled on and the people complained to him that they were thirsty. He stopped and called someone (Abu Raja' named him but 'Awf forgot) and 'Ali and said, 'Go and look for water.' They went off and came across a woman on a camel sitting between two water bags. They asked her, 'Where is the water?' She said, 'I was at the water this time yesterday and our people are behind me.' They said to her, 'Come then.' She said, 'Where to?' They said, 'To the Messenger of Allah.' She said, 'The one known as "as-Sabi'?"* They said, 'The very same; so come along with us.'

"They brought her to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him the story. He said, 'Help her dismount from her camel.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called for a container and opened the mouths of the bags into it. Then he closed their mouths.and opened their lower openings. The people were told, 'Drink and water the animals.' Whoever wished drank from it and whoever wished watered from it.and finally the Prophet gave the man who was junub a jug of water and said, 'Go and pour it over yourself.' The woman was standing there watching what was being done with her water and, by Allah, when the bags were handed back, it seemed to us that they were fuller than they had been at the beginning! The Prophet. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Make a collection for her,' They collected for her enough of the best dates, flour and sawiq to make a meal and put it in a cloth. They then put her on her camel and placed the cloth in front of her. He said to her, 'We did not take any of your water, but Allah is the One who gave us water.'

"When she reached her people from whom she had been kept back, they said, "So-and-so! What delayed you?' She said, 'A strange thing happened! Two men met me and took me to the man called "as-Sabi' and he did such-and-such. By Allah, he is either the greatest sorcerer between here and there - and she used her middle and index fingers and raised them towards the sky, meaning between the heaven and the earth - or he is indeed truly the Messenger of Allah.'

"After this the Muslims would attack the idolaters around her but never touched the tents where she lived. One day, she said to her people, 'I think that these people leave you alone deliberately. Is there not something for you in Islam?' They responded to her and entered Islam."

[*as-Sabi' means someone who changes religion.]

VI: If someone who is in janaba fears that he will become ill or die or is afraid of thirst, he can do tayammum

It is mentioned that 'Amr ibn al-'As was in janaba on a cold night and did tayammum and recited from the Qur'an, "Do not kill yourselves. Allah is merciful to you." (4:29) That was mentioned to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he did not object to it.

338. It is related from Abu Wa'il, "Abu Musa said to 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud, 'If you cannot find any water, should you pray or not?' 'Abdullah said, 'If you were to give them a dispensation (to do tayammum) in this instance, they would do this (i.e. tayammum) even if they found water if it was cold and pray.' Abu Musa said, 'What do you make of what 'Ammar said to 'Umar?' He said, 'I do not think that 'Umar was happy with what 'Ammar said.'"

339. It is related that Shaqiq ibn Salama was heard to say, "I was with 'Abdullah and Abu Musa when Abu Musa said to him, ´Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman, what do you think someone should do if he is in janaba and cannot find any water?' 'Abdullah answered, 'He should not pray until he finds water.' Abu Musa said, 'So what about 'Ammar´s statement that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'It (tayammum) would have been enough for you?' He replied, 'Don't you see that 'Umar was not happy with that?' Abu Musa said, 'All right, putting aside what 'Ammar said, what do you make of this ayat (of tayammum)?''Abdullah did not know what to say and then said, ''If we were to give them a dispensation (to do tayammum) in this instance, even if they the water they found was cold, they would probably leave it and do tayammum, ' I said to Shaqiq, "Did 'Abdullah [ibn Mas'ud] dislike doing tayammum because of this?" He said, "Yes."

VII: Tayammum is done by striking the earth once

340. It is related that al-A'mash said that Shaqiq said, "While I was sitting with 'Abdullah and Abu Musa al-Ash'ari, Abu Musa said to him, 'If someone is in janaba and cannot find any water for a month, can he do tayammum and pray? In that case, what do you make of this verse in Surat al-Ma'ida: 'If you cannot find any water, then do tayammum with pure earth' 'Abdullah said, 'If this dispensation were given to them, then, even if they had water but it was cold, they would probably do tayammum with pure earth.' I asked Shaqiq, ´You dislike tayammum because of that?' He said, 'Yes.'

"Abu Musa continued, ´Have you not heard what 'Ammar said to 'Umar? - "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me on some errand and I became junub and could not find any water so I rolled in the dust like an animal does. I mentioned that to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'It would have been enough for you to do this,' and he beat the earth once with his hands, blew on them and then wiped the back of his right hand with his left or the back of his left hand with his right hand and then wiped his face with both of them.' 'Abdullah said, 'Don't you see that 'Umar was not happy with what 'Ammar said?'"

341. Al-A'mash added that Shaqiq said, "I was with 'Abdullah and Abu Musa when Abu Musa said, 'Did you not hear what 'Ammar said to 'Umar? "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me and you and I was in janaba and rolled in the dust. We came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him and he said, 'Like this would have been enough for you' and he wiped his face and hands once."

342. It is related from 'Imran ibn Husayn al-Khuza'i that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a man apart who who had not prayed with everyone else. He said, "So-and-so! What stopped you praying with everyone else?" He said, "I am on janaba and there is no water." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "You must use the pure earth. That will be enough for you."


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