[This chapter deals with judgements particular to children, meaning a child who has at least cried out. He begins with the supplication which is made for him:]
You praise Allah tabaraka wa ta'ala and ask for blessing on His Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then you say, "O Allah, he is your slave and the son of Your slaves. You created him and provided for him. You made him die and will bring him to life. Make him a forerunner and a stored-up treasure and a reward for his parents. Make their balances heavy through him and make their reward greater because of him and do not deprive either us or them of their reward through him and do not test either us or them after him. O Allah, give him the company of the right-acting muminun who have gone ahead and place him under the guardianship of Ibrahim. Give him a house better than the one he had and a family better than the one he had. Save him from the trial of the grave and the torment of Jahannam."
[This is said after each takbir except the fourth.]
You say this after each takbir and after the fourth you say, "O Allah, forgive our forbears and predecessors and those who have gone before us. O Allah, whoever among us You make live make him live in iman and whoever You take back to Yourself take him back as a muslim. Forgive all the muslims both men and women and all the muminun both men and women, the living and the dead." Then you say the salam.
[Just as the salam for the prayer.]
You do not do the funeral prayer for a stillborn baby.
[The still-born is the one who does not cry. Nor is he washed, even if he moves, urinates, sneezes or suckles for a little, but not a lot. It is the sign a life. This prohibition is one of dislike. As for the one who cries, he has all the judgements of the living, even if he dies immediately, without dispute.]
[Khalil: it is not buried with perfumes or given a name.]
Such a baby does not inherit and cannot be inherited from. If a baby is prematurely stillborn, it is disliked for its body to be buried inside a house.
[Inheritance is a branch of confirmation of life. So any gifts made to him before his birth are returned. He is not buried in the house because it is feared that if the house is destroyed, the bones will be disinterred.]
[Khalil: if a stillborn child is buried in the house, that does not prevent sale of the house.]
There is no harm in women washing the body of a young boy of six or seven years old,
[They do not wash them when they are old At such an age, it is not obliged for them to cover the private parts because it is permitted for the women to look at the body. ]
but men do not wash the bodies of young girls. There is a difference of opinion regarding young girls who have not reached an age when they might be desired but the former judgement is the one preferred by us.
[The prohibition against men washing a girl is one of forbidding by agreement if she is one of those who might be desirable, like six or seven. They can wash her if she is still a small baby by agreement, i.e. less than three years. There is some disagreement about those who have not reached the age of desirably, Ashhab permits it by analogy with the women washing a young boy, but Ibn al-Qasim forbids it. It is the position of the Mudawwana.The accepted position is that of Ibn al-Qasim because the female is generally desireable. ]
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